Black-collared Swallow / Pygochelidon melanoleuca

Black-collared Swallow / Pygochelidon melanoleuca

Black-collared Swallow

SCI Name:  Pygochelidon melanoleuca
Protonym:  Hirundo melanoleuca ReiseBrasil. 1 p.345
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Hirundinidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blcswa2
Type Locality:  Rio Grande do Belmonte, Baia.
Publish Year:  1820
IUCN Status:  


(Hirundinidae; Ϯ Blue-and-white Swallow P. cyanoleuca) Gr. πυγη pugē  rump; χελιδων khelidōn, χελιδονος khelidonos  swallow; "[Synopsis] Basal joint only of middle toe adherent externally, and free at extreme end.  Tibial joint covered with feathers which extend a short distance along inner face of tarsus . . . . . Pygochelidon.   ...   PYGOCHELIDON, Baird.   Pygochelidon, BAIRD.  (Type Hirundo cyanoleuca.)  ...  This subgenus differs from its other allies with the nostrils superior, in having the toes more deeply cleft—the basal joint of the median being free at its extremity on the outer side, instead of being adherent to the middle, or even the end of the middle joint. From Petrochelidon it differs in the longer tarsi, which equal the middle toe and half its claw, not the middle toe alone; less completely feathered tarsi at upper end; and in wanting the bristles in the chin and at base of bill above, which are soft and smooth. While the nostrils in Petrochelidon appear in the dried skin to be entirely without membrane, in Pygochelidon they are bordered behind and internally for a short distance, without, however, being overhung.   ...   Atticora cyanoleuca.  ...  Golondrina de la timoneles negros, AZARA  ...  Hirundo melampyga, LICHT.   ... Entire crissum from anus black, glossed on surface with steel blue, the bases all dark plumbeous." (Baird 1865).

melanoleuca / melanoleucos / melanoleucus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white.
● ex "Buff-crested Woodpecker" of Latham 1782 (Campephilus).
● ex “Águila obscura y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 8 (Geranoaetus).
● “As Columba picata Latham 1801, was regularly used as valid in the 20th century, this precludes invoking the principle of reverse of precedence (ICZN 1999:,” (McAllan 2007) (syn. Leucosarcia picata).
● ex “Esparvero negriblanco” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 28 (syn. Micrastur semitorquatus).
● ex “Plus petit Barbu à poitrine noir de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 688, fig. 2, “Plus petit Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Lesser Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (syn. Notharchus tectus).
● ex “Coucou huppé de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 872, “Jacobin huppé de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Coromandel Crested Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Oxylophus jacobinus).
● ex “Chipiu negro y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 144 (Poospiza).
● ex “Stone Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Tringa).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (Sylvia artefact).

(syn. Pica Ϯ Common Magpie P. pica) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white; "Melanoleuca pica, Magpie." (Morris 1837) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz).