Black-faced Antthrush / Formicarius analis

Black-faced Antthrush / Formicarius analis

Black-faced Antthrush

SCI Name:  Formicarius analis
Protonym:  Myothera analis Mag.Zool. 7 cl.2 p.14
Category:  Passeriformes / Formicariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blfant1
Type Locality:  Yuracares and Chiquitos, Bolivia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1837
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

FORMICARIUS
(Formicariidae; Ϯ Rufous-capped Ant-thrush F. colma) Mod. L. formicarius  of the ant  < Med. L. formicarium  ant-hill  < L. formica ant. The antbirds received their name from the habit of a few species of trailing ant armies and feeding on the insects thus disturbed or put to flight; “This bird inhabits South America  ...  in the neighbourhood of large ant-hills, on the inhabitants of which it chiefly feeds, as do several other species; many sorts of which unite together into bands: but what is observable in this species, it is seldom seen except one in a flock of the others, or at most a pair. These birds for the most part keep on the ground, and appear less active than those which it keeps company with” (Latham 1783). The ant-thrushes are shy, terrestrial birds, much more often heard than seen and sometimes occur on the periphery of ant swarms; "700.  1.Palikour BUFF. VIII. p. 238. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius torquatus, mihi.  2.Carillonneur BUFF. VIII. p. 246. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Cantatar, mihi.   ...   703. 1.Colma, BUFF. VIII. p. 241. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Colma.   ...   821. Tetema de Cayenne, BUFF. VIII. p. 240. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. Gen. o. Formicarius Cayanensis." (Boddaert 1783); "Formicarius Boddaert, Tabl Pl. enlum., 1783, p. 43, 44, 50. Type, by subsequent designation, Formicarius cayanensis Boddaert = Formicarius colma Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 26)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 239). 
Synon. Eriodora, Formicicapa, Myiothera, Myocincla, Myrmecophaga, Tetema.

anale / analis
Mod. L. analis  relating to the undertail-coverts, of the vent  < L. anus, ani  anus (cf. Med. L. analis  oak-tree).
● ex “Suirirí cabeza y rabadilla de canela” (= ♀) of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 178 (syn. Knipolegus cyanirostris).

SUBSPECIES

Black-faced Antthrush (Mayan)
SCI Name: Formicarius analis [moniliger Group]
FORMICARIUS
(Formicariidae; Ϯ Rufous-capped Ant-thrush F. colma) Mod. L. formicarius  of the ant  < Med. L. formicarium  ant-hill  < L. formica ant. The antbirds received their name from the habit of a few species of trailing ant armies and feeding on the insects thus disturbed or put to flight; “This bird inhabits South America  ...  in the neighbourhood of large ant-hills, on the inhabitants of which it chiefly feeds, as do several other species; many sorts of which unite together into bands: but what is observable in this species, it is seldom seen except one in a flock of the others, or at most a pair. These birds for the most part keep on the ground, and appear less active than those which it keeps company with” (Latham 1783). The ant-thrushes are shy, terrestrial birds, much more often heard than seen and sometimes occur on the periphery of ant swarms; "700.  1.Palikour BUFF. VIII. p. 238. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius torquatus, mihi.  2.Carillonneur BUFF. VIII. p. 246. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Cantatar, mihi.   ...   703. 1.Colma, BUFF. VIII. p. 241. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Colma.   ...   821. Tetema de Cayenne, BUFF. VIII. p. 240. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. Gen. o. Formicarius Cayanensis." (Boddaert 1783); "Formicarius Boddaert, Tabl Pl. enlum., 1783, p. 43, 44, 50. Type, by subsequent designation, Formicarius cayanensis Boddaert = Formicarius colma Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 26)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 239). 
Synon. Eriodora, Formicicapa, Myiothera, Myocincla, Myrmecophaga, Tetema.

Black-faced Antthrush (Central American)
SCI Name: Formicarius analis [hoffmanni Group]
FORMICARIUS
(Formicariidae; Ϯ Rufous-capped Ant-thrush F. colma) Mod. L. formicarius  of the ant  < Med. L. formicarium  ant-hill  < L. formica ant. The antbirds received their name from the habit of a few species of trailing ant armies and feeding on the insects thus disturbed or put to flight; “This bird inhabits South America  ...  in the neighbourhood of large ant-hills, on the inhabitants of which it chiefly feeds, as do several other species; many sorts of which unite together into bands: but what is observable in this species, it is seldom seen except one in a flock of the others, or at most a pair. These birds for the most part keep on the ground, and appear less active than those which it keeps company with” (Latham 1783). The ant-thrushes are shy, terrestrial birds, much more often heard than seen and sometimes occur on the periphery of ant swarms; "700.  1.Palikour BUFF. VIII. p. 238. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius torquatus, mihi.  2.Carillonneur BUFF. VIII. p. 246. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Cantatar, mihi.   ...   703. 1.Colma, BUFF. VIII. p. 241. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Colma.   ...   821. Tetema de Cayenne, BUFF. VIII. p. 240. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. Gen. o. Formicarius Cayanensis." (Boddaert 1783); "Formicarius Boddaert, Tabl Pl. enlum., 1783, p. 43, 44, 50. Type, by subsequent designation, Formicarius cayanensis Boddaert = Formicarius colma Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 26)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 239). 
Synon. Eriodora, Formicicapa, Myiothera, Myocincla, Myrmecophaga, Tetema.

Black-faced Antthrush (Black-faced)
SCI Name: Formicarius analis [analis Group]
FORMICARIUS
(Formicariidae; Ϯ Rufous-capped Ant-thrush F. colma) Mod. L. formicarius  of the ant  < Med. L. formicarium  ant-hill  < L. formica ant. The antbirds received their name from the habit of a few species of trailing ant armies and feeding on the insects thus disturbed or put to flight; “This bird inhabits South America  ...  in the neighbourhood of large ant-hills, on the inhabitants of which it chiefly feeds, as do several other species; many sorts of which unite together into bands: but what is observable in this species, it is seldom seen except one in a flock of the others, or at most a pair. These birds for the most part keep on the ground, and appear less active than those which it keeps company with” (Latham 1783). The ant-thrushes are shy, terrestrial birds, much more often heard than seen and sometimes occur on the periphery of ant swarms; "700.  1.Palikour BUFF. VIII. p. 238. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius torquatus, mihi.  2.Carillonneur BUFF. VIII. p. 246. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Cantatar, mihi.   ...   703. 1.Colma, BUFF. VIII. p. 241. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. o. Formicarius Colma.   ...   821. Tetema de Cayenne, BUFF. VIII. p. 240. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. Gen. o. Formicarius Cayanensis." (Boddaert 1783); "Formicarius Boddaert, Tabl Pl. enlum., 1783, p. 43, 44, 50. Type, by subsequent designation, Formicarius cayanensis Boddaert = Formicarius colma Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 26)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 239). 
Synon. Eriodora, Formicicapa, Myiothera, Myocincla, Myrmecophaga, Tetema.