Black-hooded Antwren / Formicivora erythronotos
Protonym: Formicivora erythronotos Rev.Mag.Zool.(2), 4 p.4
Taxonomy: Passeriformes / Thamnophilidae / Formicivora
Taxonomy Code: blhant4
Type Locality: Brazil.
Publish Year: 1852
IUCN Status: Endangered
(Thamnophilidae; Ϯ Southern White-fringed Antwren F. grisea) L. formica ant; -vorus -eating < vorare to devour; "It is at this stage of our progression that I propose to fix the limits of Thamnophilus, and pass into the genus Formicivora: here the bill is no longer robust; but narrow, slender, and more cylindrical; the under mandible weak, and the gonix nearly strait; the tail of some species is even longer and more cuneated than in the last group" (Swainson 1824); "FORMICIVORA. Rostrum mediocre, subcylindraceum, gonyde recta; vibrissæ nullæ. Alæ breves, rotundatæ, remige 4ta vel 5ta longissima. Cauda gradata. Tarsi mediocres, graciles; squamis lateralibus frequentibus. ... The Formicivoræ or Ant-Wrens, are all of them very small; and in an artificial arrangement might very well be associated with the Warblers. In all but their slender bill, they present a perfect miniature resemblance to the true Thamnophili, even to the lateral scales of their tarsi, which are small and numerous. They differ from the Drymophilæ by their comparatively short legs, which are obviously not intended for walking. We know little of their natural economy, further than that they frequent bushes and the low branches of trees, which they probably cleanse of those small insects, passed over by their more powerful brethren. ... 1. FORMICIVORA maculata. White-spotted Ant-Wren. ... 2. FORMICIVORA nigricollis. Black throated Ant-Wren. ... 3. FORMICIVORA brevicauda. Short tailed Ant-Wren." (Swainson 1825); "Formicivora Swainson, Zool. Journ., 1, 1824, p. 301, in text. Diagnosis only; species added, Swainson, Zool. Journ., 2, 1825, p. 145-149. Type, by subsequent designation, Formicivora nigricollis Swainson = Turdus griseus Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 25)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 206).
Synon. Myrmecophila, Neorhopias, Stymphalornis.
L. formica ant; -vorus -eating < vorare to devour.
● ex “Traquet Fourmilier” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 186 (Myrmecocichla).
erythronota / erythronothon / erythronotos / erythronotum / erythronotus
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros red; -νωτος -nōtos -backed < νωτον nōton back.
● ex “Grimpereau à dos rouge de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Dicaeum cruentatum).
● ex “Bengal Woodpecker, var. A” of Latham 1782 (subsp. Dinopium benghalense).
● ex “Astrild à moustaches noires” of Vieillot 1805 (Estrilda).
● ex “Barbion à Dos Rouge” of Levaillant 1806 (syn. Pogoniulus atroflavus).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)