South Island Takahe / Porphyrio hochstetteri

South Island Takahe / Porphyrio hochstetteri

South Island Takahe

SCI Name:  Porphyrio hochstetteri
Protonym:  Notornis Hochstetteri Abbild.Vog.Skelett. Lief. Lief. 4&5 p.28 pl.34-37
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  takahe3
Type Locality:  Bare-patch Plains, east of Lake Te Anau, South Island, New Zealand.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1883
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PORPHYRIO
(Rallidae; Ϯ Purple Swamphen P. porphyrio) L. porphyrio, porphyrionis  swamphen  < Gr. πορφυριον porphurion  swamphen  < πορφυρα porphura  purple; "Porphyrio. Genus 87.  ...  Le genre de la Poule-Sultane.  Genus Porphyrionis.  ...  **1. LA POULE-SULTANE.  ...  PORPHYRIO.  ...  Elle est à peu près de la grosseur d'une Poule" (Brisson 1760): based on "Porphyrio" or "Porphyrion" of many authors, and Fulica Porphyrio, Linnaeus, 1758; "Porphyrio Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 522. Type, by tautonymy, Porphyrio Brisson = Fulica porphyrio Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 207). The Purple Swamphen has a wide distribution in the Old World from Spain to Samoa, but some of its forms may warrant specific separation, as in Peters 1934, II, who recognised P. porphyrio, P. madagascariensis, P. poliocephalus, P. pulverulentus, and the extinct P. albus.
Var. Parphyrio, Porphyrion (Gr. πορφυριον porphurion  swamphen), Porphirio
Synon. Caesarornis, Cyanornis, Glaucestes, Hydrornia, Ionornis, Jonocicca, Kentrophorina, Mantellornis, Notornis, Porphyriola, Porphyrula.

porphyrio
● Gr. πορφυριος porphurios  purple-clad, bright-red (syn. Habia rubica).
● L. porphyrio, porphyrionis  swamphen  < Gr. πορφυριον porphurion  swamphen, gallinule  < πορφυρα porphura  purple; "82. FULICA.  ...  Porphyrio.  3. F. fronte calva, corpore violaceo, digitis simplicibus.  Fulica major pulla, fronte cera coccinea oblongo-quadrata. Brown. jam. 479.  Porphyrio. Alb. av. 3. p. 79. t. 84. Raj. av. 116. n. 13. Edw. av. 87. t. 87. Dodart. act. 3. p. 30?  Habitat in Asia, America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Porphyrio).

hochstetteri
● Dr Arthur Ferdinand Heinrich Ritter von Hochstetter (1863-1936) Austrian physician, pioneer in radiology, son of geologist Ferdinand Ritter von Hochstetter (subsp. Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae).
● Prof. Christian Gottlieb Ferdinand Ritter von Hochstetter (1829-1884) Austrian geologist, naturalist, explorer in New Zealand, Turkey and Russia (Porphyrio).