Black-necked Woodpecker / Colaptes atricollis

Black-necked Woodpecker / Colaptes atricollis

Black-necked Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Colaptes atricollis
Protonym:  Chrysopicos atricollis Rev.Mag.Zool. (2), 2 p.156
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blnwoo1
Type Locality:  Peru.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1850
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

COLAPTES
(Picidae; Ϯ Yellow-shafted Flicker C. auratus) Gr. κολαπτης kolaptēs  chiseller  < κολαπτω kolaptō  to chisel, to peck, to strike; "The former group, or the Linnean Pici, it may be again observed, include some species where the bill loses the straight and angulated form, and becomes curved and compressed. These birds, of which the Picus auratus of Linnæus is the representative §, exhibit in this particular an evident approximation to the true Creepers   ...   § This group forms the genus Colaptes of Mr. Swainson." (Vigors 1825); "Colaptes Vigors, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 14, pt. 3, 1826, p. 457, note.  Type, by original designation, Cuculus auratus Linné." (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 100).  
Synon. Chrysopicus, Chrysoptilus, Craugus, Geopicos, Malherbipicus, Nesoceleus, Pediopipo, Pituipicus, Soroplex, Theiopicus, Tridactylocolaptes.

atricollis
L. ater  black; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.
● ex “Habia de la gola negra” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 82 (Saltator).
● ex “Merle Roux à Collier Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 113 (artefact).

SUBSPECIES

Black-necked Woodpecker (atricollis)
SCI Name: Colaptes atricollis atricollis
atricollis
L. ater  black; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.
● ex “Habia de la gola negra” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 82 (Saltator).
● ex “Merle Roux à Collier Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 113 (artefact).

Black-necked Woodpecker (peruvianus)
SCI Name: Colaptes atricollis peruvianus
peruana / peruanum / peruanus / peruvia / peruviana / peruvianus / peruviensis
Peru. Said to be named after Biru, a local Inca encountered by the conquistadores (although the name is also accredited to a Panamanian cazique). Until the early 18th century the Viceroyalty of Peru included all Spanish possessions in South America.
● ex “Geai du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 625, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Peruvian Jay” of Latham 1781 (syn. Cyanocorax yncas).
● ex “Coq de Roche du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 745, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (Rupicola).
● Erroneous TL. Peru (= Brazil) (Tangara).
Erroneous TL. Peru (= Tahiti) (Vini).