Protonym: Columba mystacea LesPigeons[Knip] livr.14-15 p.124 pl.56
Taxonomy: Columbiformes / Columbidae / Geotrygon
Taxonomy Code: brqdov1
Type Locality: America; the type in the Leiden Museum is said to be from Santo Domingo, probably an error.
Publish Year: 1811
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Columbidae; Ϯ Crested Quail Dove G. versicolor) Gr. γεω- geō- ground- < γη gē earth; τρυγων trugōn, τρυγονος trugonos pigeon; "MOUNTAIN WITCH.* Geotrygon sylvatica. MIHI. ... In the dense and lofty forest that clothes the brow of Bluefields Peak, it is very numerous, usually seen singly or in pairs, walking on the ground; the freedom of the forest there from underwood allowing it to exercise its fleetness of foot to advantage. If alarmed, it generally seeks to escape by running, its bulk and shortness of wing rendering its flight burdensome and ineffective. ... *GEOTRYGON. Generic Character. — Beak robust, rather long; both mandibles strongly arched at the tip; nostrils opening far forward. Wings short, and rounded: third quill longest; second and following quills strongly and abruptly sinuated on the outer edge; first quill sickle-shaped, not attenuated. Tail nearly even, short, (viz. less than thrice the length of the tarsus). Tarsus longer than middle toe, unfeathered, covered in front with transverse plates. Inner toe longer than outer; hallux shorter than outer toe. General form stout and plump." (Gosse 1847); "Geotrygon Gosse, Bds. Jamaica, 1847, p. 316. Type, by subsequent designation, Columba cristata Lath., i.e. Gmelin, not of Temminck = Geotrygon sylvatica Gosse 1847 = Columbigallina versicolor Lafresnaye 1846. (Reichenbach, Av. Syst. Nat., 1852 (1853), p. xxv.)" (Peters, 1937, III, p. 132).
Synon. Oreopeleia, Osculatia.
mystacea / mystaceus
Mod. L. mystaceus moustached < Gr. μυσταξ mustax, μυστακος mustakos moustache < μασταξ mastax, μαστακος mastakos mouth, jaws < μασαομαι masaomi to chew.
● ex “Bigotillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 173 (Platyrinchus).
● ex “Pic à Doubles Moustaches” of Levaillant 1808, pl. 251 (syn. Thripias namaquus).
● ex “Piegrièche Rouge à Plastron Blanc” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 65 (artefact).
● ex “Drongo à Moustache” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 169 (artefact).
● ex “Drongo à Moustache” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 169, and “Whiskered Shrike” of Latham 1822 (artefact).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)