California Gull / Larus californicus

California Gull / Larus californicus

California Gull

SCI Name:  Larus californicus
Protonym:  Larus Californicus Ann.Lyc.Nat.Hist.N.Y. 6 p.79,80
Category:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  calgul
Type Locality:  Near Stockton, California.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1854
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

LARUS
(Laridae; Ϯ Great Black-backed Gull L. marinus) L. larus  rapacious seabird, probably a gull  < Gr. λαρος laros  voracious seabird, perhaps a gull; the Great Black-backed Gull, the largest member of the Laridae, breeds only on sea coasts, where it is a true predator; "69. LARUS.  Rostrum edentulum, rectum, cultratum, apice declive: Mandibula inferior infra apicem gibba.  Nares lineares, antice latiores.   ...   Pulli primi anni plurumque in his grisei sunt; unde speciei multiplicatio." (Linnaeus 1758); "Larus Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 136. Type, by subsequent designation, Larus marinus Linné (Selby, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Types Aves, 1840, p. 48)" (Peters 1934, II, 313). Linnaeus's Larus comprised six species (L. tridactylus, L. canus, L. marinus, L. fuscus, L. Atricilla, L. parasiticus).
Synon. Adelarus, Atricilla, Blasipus, Bruchigavia, Caturates, Chroicocephalus, Cirrhocephala, Clupeilarus, Dominicanus, Einalia, Epitelarus, Gabianus, Gavia, Gavina, Gelastes, Glaucus, Hydropeleia, Ichthyaetus, Lambruschinia, Laroides, Lencus, Leucophaeus, Melagavia, Melanolarus, Microlarus, Misamichus, Ocyplanus, Pacificolarus, Plautus, Procellarus.

californicum / californicus / californiensis
California.
● ?Erroneous TL. California (= Alta California, Mexico) (syn. Icterus cucullatus nelsoni).
● ex “California Bee-eater” of Ord 1815 (syn. Toxostoma redivivum).

SUBSPECIES

California Gull (californicus)
SCI Name: Larus californicus californicus
californicum / californicus / californiensis
California.
● ?Erroneous TL. California (= Alta California, Mexico) (syn. Icterus cucullatus nelsoni).
● ex “California Bee-eater” of Ord 1815 (syn. Toxostoma redivivum).

California Gull (albertaensis)
SCI Name: Larus californicus albertaensis
albertaensis
Alberta, Canada.