Caspian Plover / Charadrius asiaticus

Caspian Plover / Charadrius asiaticus

Caspian Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius asiaticus
Protonym:  Charadrius asiaticus ReiseVersch.Provin.Russ.Reichs 2 p.715
Taxonomy:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  casplo1
Type Locality:  Salt lakes of the South Tartar Steppes.
Publish Year:  1773
IUCN Status:  


(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

asiae / asiatica / asiaticus
L. Asiaticus Asiatic < Gr. Ασιατικος Asiatikos Asiatic < Ασια Asia. The Romans generally and indiscriminately applied the name Asia to Asia Minor (Turkey or Anatolia), the more extensive eastern and southern portions of the great continent being known as Asia Maior. In nomenclature the toponym is nearly synonymous with India.
● ex "Gaur Bunting" of Latham 1787 (?syn. Amandava x Lonchura).
● ex “Bombay Goatsucker” of Latham 1787 (Caprimulgus).
● Erroneous TL. Asia (= Africa) (syn. Caprimulgus pectoralis).
● ex “Purple Indian Creeper” of Edwards 1760, and “Yellow-winged Creeper” of Latham 1787 (Cinnyris).
● ex “Indian Jabiru” of Latham 1787 (Ephippiorhynchus).
● ex “Blue-cheeked Curucui” of Latham 1787 (Megalaima).
Erroneous TL. The Indies (= Jamaica); ex “Brown Indian Dove” of Edwards 1751, and “Columba subfusca media” of Browne 1756 (Zenaida).