Greater Sand-Plover / Charadrius leschenaultii

Greater Sand-Plover / Charadrius leschenaultii

Greater Sand-Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius leschenaultii
Protonym:  Charadrius Leschenaultii Dict.Sci.Nat. 42 p.36
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grsplo
Type Locality:  Pondicherry, India.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1826
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

leschenault / leschenaulti / leschenaultii
Jean Baptiste Louis Claude Théodore Leschenault de la Tour (1773-1826) French botanist, ornithologist, collector in the East Indies 1801-1806, India and Ceylon 1816-1822, and Cayenne 1823-1824 (CharadriusEnicurus, subsp. Ketupa zeylonensis, Merops (ex “Guêpier Laichenot” of Levaillant 1807), Taccocua).

SUBSPECIES

Greater Sand-Plover (columbinus)
SCI Name: Charadrius leschenaultii columbinus
columbinus
L. columbinus of a dove, dove-like, dove-coloured < columba dove.
● ex “Merle des colombiers” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Pigeon Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Aplonis panayensis).

Greater Sand-Plover (scythicus)
SCI Name: Charadrius leschenaultii scythicus
scythicus
L. Scythicus  Scythian, of the Scyths or Scythians.

Greater Sand-Plover (leschenaultii)
SCI Name: Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii
leschenault / leschenaulti / leschenaultii
Jean Baptiste Louis Claude Théodore Leschenault de la Tour (1773-1826) French botanist, ornithologist, collector in the East Indies 1801-1806, India and Ceylon 1816-1822, and Cayenne 1823-1824 (CharadriusEnicurus, subsp. Ketupa zeylonensis, Merops (ex “Guêpier Laichenot” of Levaillant 1807), Taccocua).