Cassin’s Finch / Haemorhous cassinii

Cassin\'s Finch / Haemorhous cassinii

Cassin's Finch

SCI Name:  Haemorhous cassinii
Protonym:  Carpodacus cassinii Proc.Acad.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia 7 p.119
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Fringillidae /
Taxonomy Code:  casfin
Type Locality:  Camp 104, Pueblo Creek, New Mexico [= 10 miles east of Gemini Peak, Yavapai County, Arizona, fide Duvall, 1945, Condor, 47, pp. 203-204].
Publish Year:  1854
IUCN Status:  


(Fringillidae; Purple Finch H. purpureus) Gr. αἱμα haima, αἱματος haimatos  blood; ορρος orrhos  rump (cf. αἱμορρους haimorrhous  flowing with blood; specific name Fringilla haemorrhoa Lichtenstein, 1820 (= syn. Haemorhous mexicanus)); "HÆMORHOUS, Sw.  Bill rather more lengthened than in Pyrrhula: the commissure sinuated. Wings lengthened, pointed. Tail forked. Feet short, robust. Middle toe much longer than the tarsus; inner toe rather shorter than the outer. Claws short, and fully curved; the hinder shorter than its toe.  America.  H. pupureus. Wils. i. 7. f. 4.  frontalis. Bon. Am. Or. i." (Swainson 1837); "Haemorhous (not of Boie, 1826) Swainson, Nat. Hist. Classif. Bds., 2, p. 295, 1837—type, by subs. desig. (Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12, p. 387, 1888), Fringilla purpurea Gmelin." (Hellmayr, 1938, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. XI, p. 151).  I have yet to find "Haemorhous Boie, 1826."   
Var. Haemorrhous.   
Synon. Burrica, Erythrospiza.

John Cassin (1813-1869) US ornithologist (syn. Archilochus alexandri, syn. Asio flammeus, syn. Branta canadensis minima, Haemorhous, LeptotilaMitrospingus, syn. Numenius arquata, Peucaea, syn. Phaethornis longirostris cephalus, syn. Ptychoramphus aleuticus, subsp. Pyrrhula pyrrhula, syn. Sterna hirundinacea, syn. Tyrannus vociferans, Vireo) (see cassini).