Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle / Aquila africana

Cassin\'s Hawk-Eagle / Aquila africana

Cassin's Hawk-Eagle

SCI Name:  Aquila africana
Protonym:  Limnaetus africanus Proc.Acad.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia 17 p.4
Category:  Accipitriformes / Accipitridae /
Taxonomy Code:  cashae1
Type Locality:  Ogabi River, Gaboon.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1865
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AQUILA
(Accipitridae; Golden Eagle A. chrysaetos) L. aquila  eagle  ?<  aquilus  dark-coloured; the Golden Eagle was the emblem of the Roman legions, whose standards or eagles bore the likeness of an eagle with raised wings; "Aquila. Genus 9.  ...  Genus Aquilinum ...  Digiti quatuor, membranis destituti; tres scilicet antici, posticus unus; omnes circiter usque ad exortum discreti: Crura ad calcaneum usque plumosa: Rostrum breve, primum rectum, dein aduncum; ad basin cute nuda tectum: Caput plumosum.  ...  **1. L'AIGLE  ...  AQUILA." (Brisson 1760): based on "Aquila" of many previous authors; "Aquila Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 28, 419.  Type, by tautonymy, Aquila Brisson = Falco chrysaëtos Linné." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 253).
Var. Aquilla, Aquilo.   
Synon. Aetos, Aetus, Afraetus, Cassinaetus, Chrysaetus, Euaquila, Micraetus, Morphnaetos, Psammoaetus, Pteroaetus, Taphaetus, Uroaetus.

aquila
L. aquila  eagle  ?<  aquilus  dark-coloured.
● "XIII. AIGLE COMMUN.   FALCO AQUILA.  ...  Aquila Valeria. ARISTOTE, Hist. animFalco fulvus. LINNÉ, Syst. natChrysaëtos, cauda albo cincta. RAY, Syn.  ...  En Tartarie on leur apprend à chasser les lièvres, les renards et même les loups" (Daudin 1800) (syn. Aquila chrysaetos).
● "66. PELECANUS.  ...  Aquilus.  2. P. cauda forficata, corpore nigro, capite abdomineque albis. Amœn. acad. 4. p. . .   Pelecanus Aquilus. Osb. iter. 292.  Alcyon major pulla, cauda pulla, cauda longiore bifurca. Brown jam. 483.  Cari pira Laët. amer. 575.  Man of var.[sic] Sloan. jam. I. p. 30.  Avis Rabo focardo. Pet. gaz. t. 45. f. 1.?  Frigate bird. Alb. av. 3. p. 75. t. 80. maleHabitat in Insula Adscensionis aliisque pelagicis, vitam agens Diomedeæ exulis, cui similis." (Linnaeus 1758); from the very sharp, eagle-like bill of the Ascension Frigatebird (Fregata).

africana
L. Africanus  African  < Africa   Africa (in antiquity a name originally restricted to the territory of Carthage, later extended to include most of North Africa, then, in modern times, to the whole of that vast continent).
● Egypt; ex “Sarcelle d’Égypte” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 1000, and “African Teal” of Latham 1785 (syn. Aythya nyroca).
● Cape of Good Hope; ex “Cape Curlew” of Latham 1785 (syn. Calidris ferruginea).
● Cape of Good Hope; ex “Choucou” of Levaillant 1799, pl. 38 < French chouette  owl; coucou  cuckoo (unident.;?syn. Ciccaba woodfordii).
● Cape of Good Hope; ex “Becassine du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 270 (syn. Rostratula benghalensis).
● Cape of Good Hope; ex “African Tern” of Latham 1785 (syn. Thalasseus sandvicensis).
● Malimbe and Cape of Good Hope; ex “Huppe d’Afrique” of Audebert & Vieillot 1800 (subsp. Upupa epops).
● Cape of Good Hope; ex “Curruca naevia capitis bonae spei” of Brisson 1760, “Fauvette tachetée du cap de Bonne Espérance” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “African Warbler” of Latham 1783 (unident.).