Channel-billed Toucan / Ramphastos vitellinus

Channel-billed Toucan / Ramphastos vitellinus

Channel-billed Toucan

SCI Name:  Ramphastos vitellinus
Protonym:  Ramphastos vitellinus Verz.Doubl.Zool.Mus.Berlin p.7
Category:  Piciformes / Ramphastidae /
Taxonomy Code:  chbtou1
Type Locality:  Cayenne.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1823
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

RAMPHASTOS
(Ramphastidae; Ϯ Red-billed Toucan R. tucanus) Aldrovandus’ 1599, misspelling “Ramphastos” of Gessner’s 1560, “Ramphestes” (Gr. ῥαμφηστης rhamphēstēs  snouted  < ῥαμφη rhampē  bill) was subsequently adopted by Linnaeus (cf. “Linnaeus calls it Rhamphastos  ...  a broad sword, from the form of its bill” (Pennant 1773)). The huge colourful bills of the toucans appear cumbersome, but are in fact very light, strengthened by a network of bony fibres within the horny shell; "45. RAMPHASTOS.  Rostrum maximum, inane, convexum, extrorsum serratum.  Nares pone maxillas.  Lingua pennacea.  Pedum digiti antici posticique gemini." (Linnaeus 1758); "Ramphastos Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 103. Type, by subsequent designation Ramphastos erythrorhynchus Gmelin = Ramphastos tucanus Linné (Vigors, Zool. Journ., 2, 1826, p. 471.)" (Peters 1948, VI, 82). This is the sixth diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Ramphastos comprised four species (R. piperivorus, R. Tucanus, R. picatus, R. Aracari). 
Var. Ramphastros, Rhamphastos, Rhamphastus, Ramphestes.
Synon. Bucco, Burhynchus, Dinorhamphus, Machlostomus, Ramphodryas, Tucaius, Tucanus.

vitellina / vitellinus
Med. L. vitellinus  vitelline, deep yellow colour tinged red  < L. vitellus  yolk of an egg.

SUBSPECIES

Channel-billed Toucan (Citron-throated)
SCI Name: Ramphastos vitellinus citreolaemus
citreolaemus / citreolaimus
L. citreus  citrine  < citrus  citron, citrus; Gr. λαιμος laimos  throat.

Channel-billed Toucan (Yellow-ridged)
SCI Name: Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus/pintoi
RAMPHASTOS
(Ramphastidae; Ϯ Red-billed Toucan R. tucanus) Aldrovandus’ 1599, misspelling “Ramphastos” of Gessner’s 1560, “Ramphestes” (Gr. ῥαμφηστης rhamphēstēs  snouted  < ῥαμφη rhampē  bill) was subsequently adopted by Linnaeus (cf. “Linnaeus calls it Rhamphastos  ...  a broad sword, from the form of its bill” (Pennant 1773)). The huge colourful bills of the toucans appear cumbersome, but are in fact very light, strengthened by a network of bony fibres within the horny shell; "45. RAMPHASTOS.  Rostrum maximum, inane, convexum, extrorsum serratum.  Nares pone maxillas.  Lingua pennacea.  Pedum digiti antici posticique gemini." (Linnaeus 1758); "Ramphastos Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 103. Type, by subsequent designation Ramphastos erythrorhynchus Gmelin = Ramphastos tucanus Linné (Vigors, Zool. Journ., 2, 1826, p. 471.)" (Peters 1948, VI, 82). This is the sixth diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Ramphastos comprised four species (R. piperivorus, R. Tucanus, R. picatus, R. Aracari). 
Var. Ramphastros, Rhamphastos, Rhamphastus, Ramphestes.
Synon. Bucco, Burhynchus, Dinorhamphus, Machlostomus, Ramphodryas, Tucaius, Tucanus.

Channel-billed Toucan (Channel-billed)
SCI Name: Ramphastos vitellinus vitellinus
vitellina / vitellinus
Med. L. vitellinus  vitelline, deep yellow colour tinged red  < L. vitellus  yolk of an egg.

Channel-billed Toucan (Ariel)
SCI Name: Ramphastos vitellinus ariel
ariel
Med. folklore Ariel, a spirit or sylph of the air (syn. Aethopyga saturata assamensisFregata, syn. Pachyptila turtur, Petrochelidon, Ramphastos).