Chestnut-bellied Partridge / Arborophila javanica

Chestnut-bellied Partridge / Arborophila javanica

Chestnut-bellied Partridge

SCI Name:  Arborophila javanica
Protonym:  Tetrao javanicus Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.761
Category:  Galliformes / Phasianidae /
Taxonomy Code:  chbpar1
Type Locality:  Java.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ARBOROPHILA
(Phasianidae; Ϯ Hill Partridge A. torqueola) L. arbor, arboris  tree; Gr. φιλος philos  lover; "Genus ARBOROPHILA nobis.  Type. PERDIX OLIVACEA Lathami.?  Piora of the Nipalese.  Hill partridge and painted partridge of Europeans.  ARBOROPHILA  OLIVACEA nobis.  Bill equal to the head, or nearly so, slender; the maxilla more than half cut out by a large membranous nareal tect, in which the advanced nares are opened longitudinally, near to the cutting edge, by an elliptic lateral downward cleft.  Wings short, bowed and gradated, with the 5th quill longest.  Tail 14, drooped, somewhat feeble, extremely rounded and concealed by the coverts.  Legs and feet large.  Tarsi elevate, unspurred, nude.  Toes long; exterior lateral conspicuously larger than the inner.  Nails lengthened and straightened.  Cheeks invested with a red skin, which is nude in the orbitar region.  ..  Exclusively a forester, inhabiting the interior of deep woods, and perching as freely as a pheasant.  Gregarious in coveys, breeds on the earth, feeds on the ground and on trees, eating berries, seeds and insects.  Intestines and cæca longer than in Perdix, with a large powerful gizzard.  Has a shrill twittering call.  Is very timid and not at all pugnacious." (Hodgson 1837); "Arborophila Hodgson, Madras Journ. Lit. Sci., 5, 1837, p. 303. Type, by monotypy, "Perdix olivacea Latham" = Perdix torqueola Valenciennes." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 98).
Var. Arboricola.
Synon. Dendrophila, Hyloperdix, Oreoperdix, Peloperdix, Phoenicoperdix, Tropicoperdix.

javaensis / javana / javanense / javanensis / javanica
Java, Dutch East Indies / Indonesia.  The origins of the island name (Jawa in Indonesian) are obscure  ?< Malay Jewa  millet  < Sanskrit Yava  barley.
● ex “Javan Partridge” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1783 (Arborophila).
● ex “Martin-Pêcheur de Java” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 757 (subsp. Pelargopsis capensis).
● Erroneous TL. Java (= Australia); ex “Tourterelle de Java” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 177, “Turvert” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Javan Turtle” of Latham 1783 (syn. Chalcophaps chrysochlora).

SUBSPECIES

Chestnut-bellied Partridge (javanica)
SCI Name: Arborophila javanica javanica
javaensis / javana / javanense / javanensis / javanica
Java, Dutch East Indies / Indonesia.  The origins of the island name (Jawa in Indonesian) are obscure  ?< Malay Jewa  millet  < Sanskrit Yava  barley.
● ex “Javan Partridge” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1783 (Arborophila).
● ex “Martin-Pêcheur de Java” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 757 (subsp. Pelargopsis capensis).
● Erroneous TL. Java (= Australia); ex “Tourterelle de Java” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 177, “Turvert” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Javan Turtle” of Latham 1783 (syn. Chalcophaps chrysochlora).

Chestnut-bellied Partridge (lawuana)
SCI Name: Arborophila javanica lawuana
lawuana
Mt. Lawu (= Gunung Lawu), Java, Indonesia.