Chimney Swift / Chaetura pelagica

Chimney Swift / Chaetura pelagica

Chimney Swift

SCI Name:  Chaetura pelagica
Protonym:  Hirundo Pelagica Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.192
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Apodidae /
Taxonomy Code:  chiswi
Type Locality:  America, i.e. South Carolina.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHAETURA
(Apodidae; Ϯ Chimney Swift C. pelagica) Gr. χαιτη khaitē  long flowing hair; ουρα oura  tail; "GENUS XLI.—CHÆTURA mihi.  Beak with the lower mandible straight at the tip.  Wings very long.  Tail very short; its feathers subulated and acute at the tip.  HIRUNDO Auctorum.—CYPSELUS, pars. Temm.    Sp. 1. Ch. pelasgia. Hirundo pelasgia. Steph. v. x. 128.—North America.   Sp. 2. Ch. Martinicana. Hirunda acuta. Steph. v. x. 131. pl. 15.—West Indies.   Sp. 3. Ch. pacifica. Hirundo pacifica. Steph. v. x. 132.—New Holland.   Sp. 4. Ch. australis. Hirundo caudacuta. Steph. v. x. 133.—New South Wales.   Sp. 5. Ch. fusca. Hirundo fusca. Steph. v. x. 133.——?   Sp. 6. Ch. collaris.  ...  INHABITS Brazil." (Stephens 1826); "Chætura Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 13, pt. 2, 1826, p. 76. Type, by subsequent designation, Chaetura pelasgia Stevens [sic] = Hirundo pelagica Linné. (Swainson, Zool. Illustr. (2), 1, 1829, text to pl. 42.)" (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 235).
Var. Chatura, Chaturae.
Synon. Acanthura, Acanthylis, Pelasgia, Uranteris.

pelagica / pelagicus
L. pelagicus  marine, pelagic  < Gr. πελαγικος pelagikos  of the sea  < πελαγος pelagos  sea.
● "21. AQUILA pelagica.  ...  Aquila marina Steller. MS.  ...  Billings, navarcho qui Oceanum inter Camtschatcam et Americam ultimo exploravit, mihi relatum.  Frequens est maxima haec avis in Insulis inter Camtschatcam et Continentem Americes, praesertim in infami naufragio et morte Beringii insula" (Pallas 1811) (Haliaeetus).
● "64. PROCELLARIA.  ...  pelagica.  1. P. nigra, uropygio albo. Fn. svec. 249. Act. Stockh. 1745. p. 93. t. . .  Peteril. Clus. exot. 368. Damp. itin. 3. p. 97. Alb. av. 3. p. 87. t. 92. Edw. av. 90. t. 90. f. 1. Hirundo marina major apus, rostro adunco. Barr. æquin. 134.  Larus minimus, naribus tubulosis. Catesb. carol. 3. p. 14. t. 14.  Fregata marina apus subtus alba, superne nigra. Barr. av. 73.  Habitat in albo Oceano." (Linnaeus 1758) (Hydrobates).
● "366. PHALACROCORAX pelagicus.  ...  Corvus aquaticus, Morskoi Uril Stell. obs. MS. Latham.  ...  Cum praecedente maris Camtschatici orientalis et Americanarum insularum incola, praesertim scopulos a continente longius remotos frequentans ubi et hybernant." (Pallas 1811) (Phalacrororax).  
● L. Pelasgica  Pelasgian, after the Pelasgi, one of the nomadic tribes of ancient Greece (cf. Attic names used for swifts and swallows); "101. HIRUNDO.  ...  pelagica.  7. H. rectricibus æqualibus apice subulatis, nudis.  Hirundo, cauda aculeata, americana. Catesb. car. 3. p. 8. t. 8.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Chaetura).