Dollarbird / Eurystomus orientalis

Dollarbird / Eurystomus orientalis

Dollarbird

SCI Name:  Eurystomus orientalis
Protonym:  Coracias orientalis Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.159
Category:  Coraciiformes / Coraciidae /
Taxonomy Code:  dollar1
Type Locality:  'India orientali'' = Java, apud Stresemann.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

EURYSTOMUS
(Coraciidae; Ϯ Oriental Dollarbird E. orientalis) Gr. ευρυστομος eurustomos  wide-mouthed  < ευρυς eurus  wide; στομα stoma, στοματος stomatos  mouth; "101. ROLLE, Eurystomus.  Coracias, Linn. Gm. Lath.  Bec glabre et très-déprimé à la base, épais, convexe en dessus, courbé à la pointe. — Bouche très-ample. — Narines linéaires obliques.   Esp. Rolle des Indes, Buff.   ...   Eurystomus [ευρυστομος, latum os habens]." (Vieillot 1816); "Eurystomus Vieillot, Analyse, 1816, p. 37. Type, by monotypy, Rolle des Indes, Buffon = Coracias orientalis Linné." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 244).
Var. Euristomus, Eurytomus.     
Synon. Colaris, Cornopio, Hirundolanius.
• (Coraciidae; syn. Eurystomus † Broad-billed Roller E. glaucurus) "88. COLARIS, Cuv. — 211. orientalis, L.   ...   89. EURYSTOMUS, Vieill. — 214. madagascariensis, Gm. (violaceus, Vieill.) — 215. gularis, Vieill. — 216. purpurascens. Vieill. — 217. afer, Lath. (viridis, Wagl. jun.)" (Bonaparte, 1854); "Eurystomus "Vieill." Bonaparte, 1854, Conspectus Volucrum Anisodactylorum, p. 7 (not of Vieillot, 1816).  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 135 (Appendix)), Coracias madagascariensis Gmelin, 1788 = Coracias glaucurus Statius Müller, 1776." (JAJ 2021).

orientale / orientalis
L. orientalis  eastern, oriental  < oriens, orientis  east.
Asia; ex “Anser moschoviticus” of Albin 1731-1738, and “Anser chinensis” of Linnaeus 1747 (syn. Anser cygnoides).
● India; ex Ardea antigone Linnaeus, 1758, “Grus orientalis” of Brisson 1760, and “Indian Crane” of Latham 1785 (syn. Antigone antigone).
 East Indies (= Seram and New Guinea); ex “Casoar des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 313 (syn. Casuarius casuarius).
● India; ex “Eastern Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Eclectus roratus).
● East Indies (= Amboina); ex “Coucou noir des Indes” (= ♂) and “Coucou tacheté des Indes” (=♀) of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● East Indies (=Java); ex “Rollier des Indes” of Brisson 1760 (Eurystomus).
● East Indies; ex “Merula indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle des Indes Orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 273, fig. 2, and “Ash-rumped Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Lalage nigra).
● India; ex “Indian Bee-eater” and “Coromandel Bee-eater” of Latham 1782-1787 (Merops).
● Asia; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus” of previous authors (syn. Pelecanus onocrotalus).
● "91. TETRAO.  ...  orientalis.  12. T. pedibus antice pilosis: abdomine gulaque atra, collari ferrugineo, cauda cuneiformi.  Tetrao orientalis. Hasselq. it. 278. n. 43.  Perdix damascena. Will. orn. 128.  Francolin. Tournef. it. I. p. 158. t. 158.  Habitat in Oriente." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pterocles).
● China; ex “Tourterelle brune de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Chinese Turtle” of Latham 1783 (Streptopelia).
● China; ex “China Owl” of Latham 1801 (syn. Strix seloputo).

SUBSPECIES

Dollarbird (cyanocollis)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis cyanocollis
cyanocollis
L. cyanos  lapis lazuli  < Gr. κυανος kuanos  dark-blue; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.

Dollarbird (laetior)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis laetior
laetior
L. laetior, laetioris  more bright  < comp. laetus  bright, rich.

Dollarbird (irisi)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis irisi
irisae / irisi / irisii
● Iris Dorrie Darnton née Moreton (b. 1900) English ornithologist, aviculturalist, explorer (subsp. Eurystomus orientalis).
● Iris Priest (d. 1975) wife of oologist Capt. Cecil D. Priest in Southern Rhodesia/Zimbabwe (syn. Ortygospiza locustella).

Dollarbird (orientalis)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis orientalis
orientale / orientalis
L. orientalis  eastern, oriental  < oriens, orientis  east.
Asia; ex “Anser moschoviticus” of Albin 1731-1738, and “Anser chinensis” of Linnaeus 1747 (syn. Anser cygnoides).
● India; ex Ardea antigone Linnaeus, 1758, “Grus orientalis” of Brisson 1760, and “Indian Crane” of Latham 1785 (syn. Antigone antigone).
 East Indies (= Seram and New Guinea); ex “Casoar des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 313 (syn. Casuarius casuarius).
● India; ex “Eastern Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Eclectus roratus).
● East Indies (= Amboina); ex “Coucou noir des Indes” (= ♂) and “Coucou tacheté des Indes” (=♀) of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● East Indies (=Java); ex “Rollier des Indes” of Brisson 1760 (Eurystomus).
● East Indies; ex “Merula indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle des Indes Orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 273, fig. 2, and “Ash-rumped Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Lalage nigra).
● India; ex “Indian Bee-eater” and “Coromandel Bee-eater” of Latham 1782-1787 (Merops).
● Asia; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus” of previous authors (syn. Pelecanus onocrotalus).
● "91. TETRAO.  ...  orientalis.  12. T. pedibus antice pilosis: abdomine gulaque atra, collari ferrugineo, cauda cuneiformi.  Tetrao orientalis. Hasselq. it. 278. n. 43.  Perdix damascena. Will. orn. 128.  Francolin. Tournef. it. I. p. 158. t. 158.  Habitat in Oriente." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pterocles).
● China; ex “Tourterelle brune de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Chinese Turtle” of Latham 1783 (Streptopelia).
● China; ex “China Owl” of Latham 1801 (syn. Strix seloputo).

Dollarbird (gigas)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis gigas
gigas
L. gigas, gigantis  giant  < Gr. γιγας gigas, γιγαντος gigantos  giant.
● ex Ardea scolopacea J. Gmelin, 1789, and “Caráu” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 366 (syn. Aramus guarauna).
● ex “Coucal Géant” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 223 (syn. Centropus phasianinus).
● ex “Touraco Géant” of Levaillant 1813-1818, pl. 19 (syn. Corythaeola cristata).
● ex “Coucou verdâtre de Madagascar” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Great Madagascar Cuckow” of Latham 1781 (Coua).
● ex “Plus grand Martin-pêcheur” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Great Brown Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (syn. Dacelo novaeguineae).

Dollarbird (oberholseri)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis oberholseri
oberholseri
Prof. Dr Harry Church Oberholser (1870-1963) US ornithologist, Fish & Wildlife Service 1894-1941, Curator of Ornithology, Cleveland Mus. of Natural History 1941-1947, nomenclaturist (syn. Aerodramus spodiopygius assimilis, syn. Caprimulgus macrurus schlegelii, subsp. Collocalia esculenta, Empidonax, subsp. Eurystomus orientalis, subsp. Glaucidium palmarum, subsp. Hypothymis azurea, subsp. Myadestes occidentalis, syn. Progne subis hesperia, subsp. Pseudocolaptes boissoneauii, subsp. Sitta carolinensis, subsp. Thryothorus ludovicianus, subsp. Toxostoma curvirostre, subsp. Treron fulvicollis).

Dollarbird (connectens)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis connectens
connectans / connectens
L. connectens  joined, connected, united  < connectere  to unite.

Dollarbird (waigiouensis)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis waigiouensis
waigeuense / waigeuensis / waigeunsis / waigiouensis / waigiuensis / waigoui
Waigiu I., Moluccas, Dutch New Guinea / Waigeu or Waigeo, Raja Ampat group, West Papua, Indonesia.

Dollarbird (pacificus)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis pacificus
pacificus
L. pacificus  peaceful  < pax, pacis  peace; facere  to make.  The Pacific Ocean was so-named by the Portuguese explorer Fernão de Magalhães in 1520, contrasting its calm waters with the stormy seas of Cape Horn.  The toponym refers to islands in the Pacific Ocean as well as localities on Pacific Ocean coasts.
● Tahiti; ex “Pacific Parrot, var. B” of Latham 1781 (‡syn. Cyanoramphus zealandicus).
● New Holland; ex “Black-backed Gull” (pt.) of Latham 1785, and “Pacific Gull” of Latham 1801 (Larus).
● Erroneous TL. Islands of the South Sea (= Norton Sound, Alaska); ex “Pacific Crow” of Latham 1781 (subsp. Perisoreus canadensis).

Dollarbird (crassirostris)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis crassirostris
crassirostra / crassirostre / crassirostris
L. crassus  thick, heavy; -rostris  -billed  < rostrum  beak.
● ex “Coucou à Gros Bec” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 214 (syn. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● ex “Alouette à Gros Bec” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 193 (syn. Galerida magnirostris).
● ex “Thick-billed Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (Oryzoborus).
● ex “Thick-billed Thrush” of Latham 1783 (‡syn. Turnagra capensis).

Dollarbird (solomonensis)
SCI Name: Eurystomus orientalis solomonensis
solomonensis / solomonis
Solomon Is.
● Erroneous TL. Solomon Is. (= Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea) (syn. Ninox variegata).