Tui / Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae

Tui / Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae

Tui

SCI Name:  Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae
Protonym:  Merops novaeSeelandiae Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.464
Category:  Passeriformes / Meliphagidae /
Taxonomy Code:  tui1
Type Locality:  Nova Seelandia [= Queen Charlotte Sound, South Island, New Zealand] .
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PROSTHEMADERA
(Meliphagidae; Ϯ Tui P. novaeseelandiae) Gr. προσθεμα prosthema appendage  < προσθη prosthē or προσθεσις prosthesis  attachment  < προστιθημι prostithēmi  to add to; δερα dera neck; "Merops novaeSeelandiae.  ...  Poë Bee-eater.  ...  pennae colli laxae, longae, aliquantum crispatae, stria per mediam scapi longitudinem alba." (J. Gmelin 1788); "PROSTHEMADERA, n.  Merops. Lath. Anthochæra, V. and H.  Philemon, Vieill.  Sturnus, Daud.    P. cincinnata, (Lath.) n. Levaill. Ois. d'Afr., pl. 92. Novæ Hollandiæ, Gm. S. crispicollis, Daud." (G. Gray 1840); "Prosthemadera G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, ed. 1, p. 15. Type, by original designation, Merops cincinnatus Latham = Merops novaeSeelandiae Gmelin." (Salomonsen in Peters 1967, XII, 448).
Var. Prosthemadura.

novaeseelandiae
L. novus  new; Mod. L. Zeelandia or Seelandia  Zeeland, Netherlands; i.e. New Zealand (also New Zeeland and New Zeland, which received its name from the explorer Abel Tasman who explored the west coast in 1642, naming it Nova Zeelanda after his Dutch home).
● ex “New-Zealand Lark” of Latham 1783 (Anthus).
● ex “New-Zealand Duck” of Latham 1785 (Aythya).
● Erroneous TL New Zealand (= Tahiti); ex “Red-rumped Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Cyanoramphus zealandicus).
● ex “New-Zealand Falcon” of Latham 1781 (Falco).
● ex “New-Zealand Titmouse” of Latham 1783 (Finschia).
● ex “New Zealand Pigeon” of Latham 1783 (Hemiphaga).
● ex “New-Zeeland Owl” of Latham 1781 (Ninox).
● ex “New Zealand Creeper” of Brown 1776, and “Poë Bee-eater” of Latham 1782 (Prosthemadera).

SUBSPECIES

Tui (novaeseelandiae)
SCI Name: Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae novaeseelandiae
novaeseelandiae
L. novus  new; Mod. L. Zeelandia or Seelandia  Zeeland, Netherlands; i.e. New Zealand (also New Zeeland and New Zeland, which received its name from the explorer Abel Tasman who explored the west coast in 1642, naming it Nova Zeelanda after his Dutch home).
● ex “New-Zealand Lark” of Latham 1783 (Anthus).
● ex “New-Zealand Duck” of Latham 1785 (Aythya).
● Erroneous TL New Zealand (= Tahiti); ex “Red-rumped Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Cyanoramphus zealandicus).
● ex “New-Zealand Falcon” of Latham 1781 (Falco).
● ex “New-Zealand Titmouse” of Latham 1783 (Finschia).
● ex “New Zealand Pigeon” of Latham 1783 (Hemiphaga).
● ex “New-Zeeland Owl” of Latham 1781 (Ninox).
● ex “New Zealand Creeper” of Brown 1776, and “Poë Bee-eater” of Latham 1782 (Prosthemadera).

Tui (kermadecensis)
SCI Name: Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae kermadecensis
kermadecensis / kermadeci
Kermadec Is., Pacific Ocean (named after French mariner and explorer Capt. Jean-Michel Huon de Kermadec (1748-1793)).
● Erroneous TL. Kermadec Is. (= Mackay, Queensland, Australia) (syn. Anous minutus).
● Erroneous TL. Kermadec I. (= Sydney, New South Wales, Australia) (syn. Onychoprion fuscatus serratus).

Tui (chathamensis)
SCI Name: Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae chathamensis
chathamensis / chathamica
Chatham Is., Pacific Ocean (named after HMS Chatham, commanded by Lt. Broughton, who discovered the islands in 1791).