New Zealand Bellbird / Anthornis melanura

New Zealand Bellbird / Anthornis melanura

New Zealand Bellbird

SCI Name:  Anthornis melanura
Protonym:  Certhia melanura Mus.Carls. fasc.1 no.v
Category:  Passeriformes / Meliphagidae /
Taxonomy Code:  nezbel1
Type Locality:  Promontorium Bonae Spei [error = Queen Chai''lotte Sound, South Island, New Zealand] .
Author:  
Publish Year:  1786
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ANTHORNIS
(Meliphagidae; Ϯ New Zealand Bellbird A. melanura) Gr. ανθος anthos  flower; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "ANTHORNIS, n. Melithreptus, Vieill.  Anthomyza a, Swains.  Furnarius, Steph.  Certhia, Sparr.   A. melanura, (Sparr.) n.  Sparr. Mus. Carls., t. 5.  A. cæruleocephala, Sw.   ...   aEmployed in Entomology." (G. Gray 1840); "Anthornis G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 15.  New name for Anthomyza Swains., i.e. Anthomiza Swainson, 1837, considered preoccupied by Anthomyza Fallen, 1810 (Diptera)." (JAJ 2021)..
Synon. Anthomiza.

melanura
Gr. μελανουρος melanouros  with a black tail  < μελας melas, μελανος  melanos  black; -ουρος -ouros  -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.
● ex “Cinereous Fulmar” of Latham 1785 (syn. Adamastor cinerea).
● ex “Mocking Creeper” of Latham 1782 (Anthornis).
● ex “Gros-bec de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Grey-necked Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Eophona migratoria).

MENURA
(Menuridae; Ϯ Superb Lyrebird M. novaehollandiae) Gr. μηνη mēnē  moon; ουρα oura  tail. Latham gave the name “New Holland Menura” to the Australian Superb Lyrebird because of the numerous transparent lunules contained in the broad inner webs of the outer tail-feathers (cf. "Mηνη, a screen or umbrella, ουρα, a tail" (Ashmolean 1836)); "GENUS LIII. MENURA   ...   Rectrices elongatæ pinnulis distinctis, intermediæ duæ longiores angustæ, exteriores ad apicem patulæ revolutæ   ...   M. N. Hollandiæ. New Holland Menura   ...   rectrices prælongæ, scapis a basi ad medium binis, pinnulis disjunctis distantibus; intermediæ 2 angustæ albidæ longissimæ; exteriores basi modicæ, versus apicem revolutæ, pinnulis interioribus multo latioribus lunulis diaphanis ferrugineis, apice nigræ" (Latham 1802); "Menura Latham, 1801, Index Ornith., suppl., p. 61. Type, by monotypy, Menura novaehollandiae Latham." (Mayr in Peters 1979, VIII, 333). 
Var. Maenura, Melanura.
Synon. Harriwhitea, Lyriferi, Parkinsonius.

SUBSPECIES

New Zealand Bellbird (obscura)
SCI Name: Anthornis melanura obscura
obscura
L. obscurus  dark, dusky, covered, obscure.
● ex “Dusky Duck” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (syn. Anas rubripes).
● ex “Brown Tern” of Pennant 1768, and Latham 1785 (syn. Chlidonias niger).
● ex “Yacúhú” of de Azara 1802-1805, No. 335: “Yacús  ...  Asi llaman los Güaranís á tres páxaros  ...  á otro llamado Mitú” (Penelope).
● ex “Dusky Petrel” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Pterodroma alba; unident.).

New Zealand Bellbird (oneho)
SCI Name: Anthornis melanura oneho
oneho
Maori name Oneho for The Poor Knights Is., New Zealand.

New Zealand Bellbird (melanura)
SCI Name: Anthornis melanura melanura
melanura
Gr. μελανουρος melanouros  with a black tail  < μελας melas, μελανος  melanos  black; -ουρος -ouros  -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.
● ex “Cinereous Fulmar” of Latham 1785 (syn. Adamastor cinerea).
● ex “Mocking Creeper” of Latham 1782 (Anthornis).
● ex “Gros-bec de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Grey-necked Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Eophona migratoria).