Cinereous Ground-Tyrant / Muscisaxicola cinereus

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant / Muscisaxicola cinereus

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant

SCI Name:  Muscisaxicola cinereus
Protonym:  Muscisaxicola cinerea An.Univ.Chile 25 p.422
Category:  Passeriformes / Tyrannidae /
Taxonomy Code:  cingrt1
Type Locality:  Las Araucas [= Arahas] , Valle Largo, Las Chacarillas, Cordilleras de Santiago, Chile.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1864
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

MUSCISAXICOLA
(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Rufous-naped Ground Tyrant M. rufivertex) Portmanteau of genera Muscicapa Brisson 1760, flycatcher, and Saxicola auct. (= Oenanthe Vieillot 1816), wheatear; "G. MUSCISAXICOLA. Nob.   Pedibus valde elongatis, gracilibus, unguibus anticis brevibus, postice longiore parum curvato, alis prælongis, acuminatis; cauda mediocris apice recto; rostro tenui, valde compresso, elongato, non basi depresso, quibus omnibus characteribus habituque toto Saxicolis hujus generis species proxime accedunt.   ...   1. M. rufivertex, Nob.   ...   2. M. mentalis, Nob.   ...   3. M. maculirostris, Nob.   ...   4. M. striaticeps, Nob." (d'Orbigny & de La Fresnaye 1837); "Muscisaxicola d'Orbigny and Lafresnaye, 1837, Mag. Zool. [Paris], 7, cl. 2, p. 65. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 24), Muscisaxicola rufivertex d'Orbigny and Lafresnaye." (Traylor in Peters 1979, VIII, 168).
Synon. Ptyonura.

cinereum / cinereus
L. cinereus  ash-grey, ash-coloured  < cinis, cineris  ashes.
● ex “Cinereous or Ash-coloured Vulture” of Willughby 1676, and Latham 1781, “Vultur cinereus” of Ray 1713, “Vultur fusco-nigricans” of Brisson 1760, and “Vautour” or “Grand Vautour” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 425, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Aegypius monachus).
● ex “Maracana” of Willughby 1676, “Maracana Brasiliensibus” of Ray 1713, “Psittacus brasiliensis cinereus” of Brisson 1760, and “Cinereous Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Anodorhynchus glaucus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche roux de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Attila rufus).
● ex “Falco freti Hudsonis” of Brisson 1760, “Faucon de la Baie d’Hudson” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Buzzard” of Latham 1781 (syn. Buteo buteo).
● ex “Cinereous Wattle-bird” of Latham 1781 (Callaeas).
● ex “Ash-bellied Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Campylopterus largipennis).
● ex “Gavilan del campo ceniciento” of de Azara 1802-1805, nos.32, 33 (Circus).
● ex “Grive de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 515 (?Cotinga sp.).
● ex “Tinamou cendré” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Cinereous Tinamou” of Latham 1785 (Crypturellus).
● ex “Cotinga Cendré” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Lipaugus vociferans).
ex “Wax-billed Barbet” of Latham, 1782 (syn. Monasa niger).
● (Boddaert 1783) ex “Manakin cendré de Cayenne” (= ♂) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 687, fig. 1, and “Oiseau cendré de la Guyane” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Cinereous Manakin” of Latham 1783 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● ex “Mésange Grise au Joue Blanche” of Levaillant 1804, pl. 139, fig. 2 (Parus).
● ex “Oiseaux grises” or “Oies de plein” of Pernety 1769, “Race horse Duck” of Pernety 1771, and “Loggerhead Goose” of Latham 1785 (syn. Tachyeres brachypterus).
● ex “Grey and Yellow Flycatcher” of Edwards 1751 (Todirostrum).
● "57. MEROPS.  ...  cinereus.  3. M. rubro flavoque variegatus, subtus flavo-rubescens, rectricibus duabus longissimis rubris.  Avicula de gvauheilui [= Quauhcilui]. Seb. mus. I. p. 50. t. 30. f. 10.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.; nom. dub.)
● (Forster 1781) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760 (unident.).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760, “Merle cendré des Indes” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Thrush” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

SUBSPECIES

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant (cinereus)
SCI Name: Muscisaxicola cinereus cinereus
cinereum / cinereus
L. cinereus  ash-grey, ash-coloured  < cinis, cineris  ashes.
● ex “Cinereous or Ash-coloured Vulture” of Willughby 1676, and Latham 1781, “Vultur cinereus” of Ray 1713, “Vultur fusco-nigricans” of Brisson 1760, and “Vautour” or “Grand Vautour” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 425, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Aegypius monachus).
● ex “Maracana” of Willughby 1676, “Maracana Brasiliensibus” of Ray 1713, “Psittacus brasiliensis cinereus” of Brisson 1760, and “Cinereous Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Anodorhynchus glaucus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche roux de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Attila rufus).
● ex “Falco freti Hudsonis” of Brisson 1760, “Faucon de la Baie d’Hudson” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Buzzard” of Latham 1781 (syn. Buteo buteo).
● ex “Cinereous Wattle-bird” of Latham 1781 (Callaeas).
● ex “Ash-bellied Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Campylopterus largipennis).
● ex “Gavilan del campo ceniciento” of de Azara 1802-1805, nos.32, 33 (Circus).
● ex “Grive de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 515 (?Cotinga sp.).
● ex “Tinamou cendré” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Cinereous Tinamou” of Latham 1785 (Crypturellus).
● ex “Cotinga Cendré” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Lipaugus vociferans).
ex “Wax-billed Barbet” of Latham, 1782 (syn. Monasa niger).
● (Boddaert 1783) ex “Manakin cendré de Cayenne” (= ♂) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 687, fig. 1, and “Oiseau cendré de la Guyane” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Cinereous Manakin” of Latham 1783 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● ex “Mésange Grise au Joue Blanche” of Levaillant 1804, pl. 139, fig. 2 (Parus).
● ex “Oiseaux grises” or “Oies de plein” of Pernety 1769, “Race horse Duck” of Pernety 1771, and “Loggerhead Goose” of Latham 1785 (syn. Tachyeres brachypterus).
● ex “Grey and Yellow Flycatcher” of Edwards 1751 (Todirostrum).
● "57. MEROPS.  ...  cinereus.  3. M. rubro flavoque variegatus, subtus flavo-rubescens, rectricibus duabus longissimis rubris.  Avicula de gvauheilui [= Quauhcilui]. Seb. mus. I. p. 50. t. 30. f. 10.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.; nom. dub.)
● (Forster 1781) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760 (unident.).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760, “Merle cendré des Indes” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Thrush” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant (argentinus)
SCI Name: Muscisaxicola cinereus argentinus
argentina / argentinae / argentinus
● Mod. L. argentinus  of silver, silvery  < L. argentum, argenti  silver (cf. Roman myth. Argentinus, god of silver) (Columba).
● Mod. L. Argentinus  Argentinian, of Argentina (subsp. Batara cinerea, subsp. Chlorospingus flavopectus, subsp. Cyanoloxia brissonii, subsp. Empidonax euleri, Melanopareia, subsp. Muscisaxicola cinereus, subsp. Myiothlypis bivittata, subsp. Pitangus sulphuratus, syn. Thamnophilus ruficapillus cochabambae, syn. Xiphocolaptes albicollis, syn. Zonotrichia capensis hypoleuca).