Cinereous Vulture / Aegypius monachus

Cinereous Vulture / Aegypius monachus

Cinereous Vulture

SCI Name:  Aegypius monachus
Protonym:  Vultur Monachus Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.122
Category:  Accipitriformes / Accipitridae /
Taxonomy Code:  cinvul1
Type Locality:  Arabia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AEGYPIUS
(Accipitridae; Eurasian Black Vulture A. monachus) Gr. αιγυπιος aigupios  vulture; this name was applied to the various species which frequented battlefields after the slaughter and fed on the corpses of the combatants and their steeds; "2. ÆGYPIUS.  Bec gros; cire compacte; narines transverses, composées; langue depourvue d'aiguillons; douze rectrices.  ...  GENRE II,  ÆGYPIUS.  ... ESPÈCE.  2. ÆGYPIUS niger.  Le Vautour noir." (de Savigny 1809): based on Aιγυπιος of Homer, Hesiod, Sophocles, Aristotle and other ancient Greek authors, and Vultur niger Gmelin; "Aegypius Savigny, Descr. Égypte, Ois., 1, 1809, p. 68, 73.  Type, by monotypy, Vultur niger Daudin = Vultur monachus Linné." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 260).  This bird is also known as Cinereous Vulture.
Var. Oegypius, Oegipius.
Synon. Polypteryx.
• (Falconidae; syn. Falco Common Kestrel F. tinnunculus) "10. Falco tinnunculus, cenchris.   ...   10. Thurmfalke.  Aegypius *).  (F. tinnunculus et cenchris.)  ...  Char. Falken mit kurzen, gelben Zehen, langen Flügeln und rothbraunem Gefieder  ...  Leb. Sie Nisten auf Thürmen alter Burgen und Bäumen, rauben Mäuse und Insekten   ...   * Aegypius, Name eines Raubvogels bei Aristoteles." (Kaup 1829); "Aegypius Kaup, 1829, Skizz. Entwick.-Gesch. Europ. Thierwelt, p. 29.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 5), Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).

monachus
Late L. monachus monk (e.g. hooded, black-capped) < Gr. μοναχος monakhos monk < μονος monos solitary < μοναχοω monakhoō to make single.
● ex “Crested or Coped Black Vulture. Vultur cristatus niger” of Edwards 1760, and “Vultur arabicus” of Brisson 1760 (Aegypius).
● the "Coucoua capucin" of Lesson 1830: "plumage ferrugineux" (syn. Coccycua minuta).
● ex “Perruche à poitrine grise” of d’Aubenton 17765-1781, pl. 768, “Perruche-Souris” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Grey-breasted Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (Myiopsitta).

Monachus
(syn. Sylvia Ϯ Blackcap S. atricapilla) Late L. monachus  monk (e.g. hooded, black-capped)  < Gr. μοναχος monakhos  monk  < μονος monos  solitary  < μοναχοω monakhoō  to make single; "8. Sylvia atricapilla.  ...  8. Mönch. Monachus. (Sylvia atricapilla.)  ...  Char[akter]. Grasmücken mit schwarzem Kopfe, befiederten Augenliedern und schwachem Schnabel.   Leb[ensart]. Hierin gleichen sie den Grasmücken, lieben aber Gärten und Anlagen. Der Gesang ist in seiner höchsten Vollendung" (Kaup 1829).