Collared Aracari / Pteroglossus torquatus

Collared Aracari / Pteroglossus torquatus

Collared Aracari

SCI Name:  Pteroglossus torquatus
Protonym:  Ramphastos torquatus Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.354
Category:  Piciformes / Ramphastidae /
Taxonomy Code:  colara1
Type Locality:  Mexico; restricted to Veracruz by Brodkorb, infra.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PTEROGLOSSUS
(Ramphastidae; Ϯ Black-necked Araçari P. aracari) Gr. πτερον pteron  feather; γλωσσα glōssa  tongue; "GENUS 4. PTEROGLOSSUS (πτερον penna  γλωσσα lingua) (Federzüngler Germ. Aracari Gall.)   Rostrum capite longius, crassum, tenue, inane, cultratum, basi margine incrassato, maxillae angulo frontali obtuso. Tomia serrata.  Nares superae, in maxillae basi. Lingua mediocris, angusta, pennacea.  Cauda gradata.  Pedes scansorii. Digiti externi internis longiores. Acropodia scutulata.   Species: Ramphastos Aracari, viridis Lin." (Illiger 1811); "Pteroglossus Illiger, Prodromus, 1811, p. 202. Type, by subsequent designation, Ramphastos aracari Linné. (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 50.)" (Peters 1948, VI, 74).   
Synon. Aracari, Baillonius, Beauharnaisius, Grammarhynchus, Pyrosterna, Rhagoborus, Ulocomus.

torquatus
L. torquatus  collared  < torques  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.
● ex “Tangara de la Guyane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 742 (syn. Arremon taciturnus).
● ex “Pic à cravate noire” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 863 (Celeus).
● ex “Pluvier à collier” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Charadrius hiaticula).
● ex “Ring Plover” of Leach 1816 (syn. Charadrius hiaticula).
● ex “Pluvier à collier de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Charadrius vociferus ternominatus).
● ex “Clouded Shrike” of Latham 1787 (Cracticus).
● ex “Barbu à Plastron Noir” of Levaillant 1806 (Lybius).
● ex “Ring Pheasant” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Phasianus colchicus).
● ex “Perruche à collier” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 551, and “Perruche à collier couleur de rose” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Psittacula krameri).
● ex “Cochitenacatl” of Hernandez 1651, “Toucan à collier du Méxique” of Brisson 1760, “Cochicat” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Collared Toucan” of Latham 1781 (Pteroglossus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à collier du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Brisson 1760 (Saxicola).
● "95. TURDUS.  ...  torquatus.  13. T. nigricans, torque albo, rostro flavescente. Faun. svec. 185.  Merula torquata. Gesn. av. 607. Aldr. orn. l. 16. t. 11. Will. orn. 143. t. 37. Raj. av. 65. n. 2. Alb. av. I. p. 37. t. 39. Frisch. av. 30. f. 1. 2.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Turdus).
● ex “Perruche à collier” of de Buffon 1770-1783, “Petite Perruche à collier de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Collared Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (unident.).

SUBSPECIES

Collared Aracari (Collared)
SCI Name: Pteroglossus torquatus [torquatus Group]
PTEROGLOSSUS
(Ramphastidae; Ϯ Black-necked Araçari P. aracari) Gr. πτερον pteron  feather; γλωσσα glōssa  tongue; "GENUS 4. PTEROGLOSSUS (πτερον penna  γλωσσα lingua) (Federzüngler Germ. Aracari Gall.)   Rostrum capite longius, crassum, tenue, inane, cultratum, basi margine incrassato, maxillae angulo frontali obtuso. Tomia serrata.  Nares superae, in maxillae basi. Lingua mediocris, angusta, pennacea.  Cauda gradata.  Pedes scansorii. Digiti externi internis longiores. Acropodia scutulata.   Species: Ramphastos Aracari, viridis Lin." (Illiger 1811); "Pteroglossus Illiger, Prodromus, 1811, p. 202. Type, by subsequent designation, Ramphastos aracari Linné. (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 50.)" (Peters 1948, VI, 74).   
Synon. Aracari, Baillonius, Beauharnaisius, Grammarhynchus, Pyrosterna, Rhagoborus, Ulocomus.

Collared Aracari (Stripe-billed)
SCI Name: Pteroglossus torquatus sanguineus
sanguineum / sanguineus
L. sanguineus  bloody  < sanguis, sanguinis  blood.
● The types of this form were collected by Capt. N. B. Blood (see bloodi) (subsp. Cnemophilus macgregorii).

Collared Aracari (Pale-mandibled)
SCI Name: Pteroglossus torquatus erythropygius
erythropygia / erythropygium / erythropygius
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; -πυγιος -pugios  -rumped  < πυγη pugē   rump.
● ex “Red-rumped Creeper” of Latham 1801 (syn. Myzomela sanguinolenta).