Common Ringed Plover / Charadrius hiaticula

Common Ringed Plover / Charadrius hiaticula

Common Ringed Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius hiaticula
Protonym:  Charadrius Hiaticula Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.150
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  corplo
Type Locality:  Europe and America, restricted type locality Sweden, ex ref. to Fn. Svec.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

hiaticula
Late Med. L. hiaticula  plover  < L. hiatus  cleft, opening  < hiare  to open; -cola  -dweller  < colere  to inhabit; a latinisation from Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  bird of rocky gullies; "79. CHARADRIUS.  ...  Hiaticula.  2. C. pectore nigro, fronte nigricante fasciola alba, vertice fusco, pedibus luteis. Fn. svec. 159.  Charadrios s. Hiaticula. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 67. Jonst. av. 166. t. 53. Will. orn. 230. t. 57. Raj. av. 112. Sloan. jam. 2. p. 314. t. 169. f. 2. Alb. av. I. p. 76. t. 80.  Habitat in Europa & America ad ripas." (Linnaeus 1758) (Charadrius).

Hiaticula
(Charadriidae; syn. Charadrius Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late Med. L. hiaticula  plover  < L. hiatus  cleft  < hiare  to open; -cola  dweller  < colere  to inhabit  < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  bird of rocky gullies (cf. specific name Charadrius hiaticula Linnaeus, 1758); "Sluiper. Hiaticula.  ...  91. SLUIPER, ZEE-LEEURIK, in 't Latyn Hiaticula" (Moehring 1758); "HIATICULA, Mœhr.  Charadrius, L.  Pluvialis, Briss.  Ægialites a, Boie.   H. annulata, n., Pl. enl. 920.  Ch. Hiaticula, L.  ...  a Employed in Botany [Aegialitis R. Brown, 1810, mangrove]" (G. Gray 1840); "Hiaticula "Moehr." G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 65.  Type, by original designation, Hiaticula annulata G. R. Gray = Charadrius hiaticula Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245).

SUBSPECIES

Common Ringed Plover (hiaticula)
SCI Name: Charadrius hiaticula hiaticula
hiaticula
Late Med. L. hiaticula  plover  < L. hiatus  cleft, opening  < hiare  to open; -cola  -dweller  < colere  to inhabit; a latinisation from Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  bird of rocky gullies; "79. CHARADRIUS.  ...  Hiaticula.  2. C. pectore nigro, fronte nigricante fasciola alba, vertice fusco, pedibus luteis. Fn. svec. 159.  Charadrios s. Hiaticula. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 67. Jonst. av. 166. t. 53. Will. orn. 230. t. 57. Raj. av. 112. Sloan. jam. 2. p. 314. t. 169. f. 2. Alb. av. I. p. 76. t. 80.  Habitat in Europa & America ad ripas." (Linnaeus 1758) (Charadrius).

Common Ringed Plover (tundrae)
SCI Name: Charadrius hiaticula tundrae
tundrae / tundrius
Russian тундра tundra (from a Saami or Lapp word tūndȃr for the treeless uplands) tundra, the frozen Arctic plain.