Semipalmated Plover / Charadrius semipalmatus

Semipalmated Plover / Charadrius semipalmatus

Semipalmated Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius semipalmatus
Protonym:  Charadrius semipalmatus J.Acad.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia 5 p.98
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  semplo
Type Locality:  Coast of New Jersey.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1825
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

semipalmata / semipalmatus
Mod. L. semipalmatus  semipalmated  < L. semi-  half-, semi-, small  < semis, semissis  half  < as, assis  whole; palmatus  palmate  < palma  palm.
● ex Tringa hiaticula Ord, 1824 (Charadrius).
● ex “Semipalmated Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Tringa).