Couch’s Kingbird / Tyrannus couchii

Couch\'s Kingbird / Tyrannus couchii

Couch's Kingbird

SCI Name:  Tyrannus couchii
Protonym:  Tyrannus couchii Rep.Expl.Surv.RR.Pac. 9 p.170,175
Category:  Passeriformes / Tyrannidae /
Taxonomy Code:  coukin
Type Locality:  Nuevo Leon and San Diego, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1858
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TYRANNUS
(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Eastern Kingbird T. tyrannus) Based on "Le Tyran.    Tyrannus" of Brisson 1760: "Tandis que la femelle couve, le mâle chasse d'auprès de son nid tous les Oiseaux; même les Faucons & les Aigles." (see tyrannus ●); "NEUVIÈME ORDRE.  Bec échancré.   24. PIE-GRIÈCHE. Lanius.   ...   25.TYRAN. Tyrannus. {Le bec long, droit, et garni de soies à sa base.    26. GOBE-MOUCHE. Muscicapa.   ...   27. MOUCHEROLLE. Muscivora" (de Lacépède 1799); "Tyrannus Lacepède, 1799, Tabl. Méth. Mamm. Ois., p. 5. Type, by tautonymy, Lanius tyrannus Linnaeus." (Traylor in Peters 1979, VIII, 221). The tyrants, pittas, broadbills and their allies form a very distinct group and should, perhaps, be separated from other passerines in a new order Subosciniformes.
Var. Tirannus, Tiranus, Tryannus.
Synon. Despotes, Dioctes, Drymonax, Laphyctes, Melittarchus, Milvulus, Muscivora, Myiocapta, Satellus, Semnarchus, Tolmarchus.

tyrannus
L. tyrannus  tyrant  < Gr. τυραννος turannos  tyrant.
● ex “Tyran à queue fourchue” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Tyrannus savana).
● “The courage of this little bird is singular. He pursues and puts to flight all kinds of birds that come near his station, from the smallest to the largest, none escaping his fury” (Catesby 1731); "43. LANIUS.  ...  Tyrannus.  4. L. vertice nigro: stria longitudinali fulva.  Muscicapa corona rubra. Catesb. car. I. p. 55. t. 55.  Pica americana cristata. Frisch. av. 4. t. 62.  Habitat in America septentrionaliColor obscure cinereus, abdomine albo." (Linnaeus 1758)  (Tyrannus).

couchii
Maj.-Gen. Darius Nash Couch (1822-1897) US Army 1846-1855, 1861-1865, explorer, collector in Mexico 1853-1854, businessman (subsp. Aphelocoma wollweberi, Tyrannus).