Crimson-crested Woodpecker / Campephilus melanoleucos

Crimson-crested Woodpecker / Campephilus melanoleucos

Crimson-crested Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Campephilus melanoleucos
Protonym:  Picus melanoleucos Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.426
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  crcwoo1
Type Locality:  Surinam.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CAMPEPHILUS
(Picidae; Ϯ Ivory-billed Woodpecker C. principalis) Gr. καμπη kampē  caterpillar; φιλος philos  lover; "CAMPEPHILUS, n.  Picus, L. Sw.  Dendrocopus, Boie.   C. principalis, (L.) n.,  Pl. enl. 690." (G. Gray 1840); "Campephilus G. R. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 54.  Type, by original designation, Picus principalis Linnaeus." (AOU Checklist, 7th ed., 1998, p. 346).
Var. Campiphilus, Campophilus.
Synon. Cniparchus, Dendrocopus, Ipocrantor, Megalopipo, MegapicosPhloeoceastes, Scapaneus.

melanoleuca / melanoleucos / melanoleucus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white.
● ex "Buff-crested Woodpecker" of Latham 1782 (Campephilus).
● ex “Águila obscura y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 8 (Geranoaetus).
● “As Columba picata Latham 1801, was regularly used as valid in the 20th century, this precludes invoking the principle of reverse of precedence (ICZN 1999: 23.9.1.1, 23.9.1.2)” (McAllan 2007) (syn. Leucosarcia picata).
● ex “Esparvero negriblanco” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 28 (syn. Micrastur semitorquatus).
● ex “Plus petit Barbu à poitrine noir de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 688, fig. 2, “Plus petit Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Lesser Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (syn. Notharchus tectus).
● ex “Coucou huppé de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 872, “Jacobin huppé de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Coromandel Crested Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Oxylophus jacobinus).
● ex “Chipiu negro y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 144 (Poospiza).
● ex “Stone Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Tringa).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (Sylvia artefact).

SUBSPECIES

Crimson-crested Woodpecker (malherbii)
SCI Name: Campephilus melanoleucos malherbii
malherbi / malherbii
Prof. Alfred Malherbe (1804-1866) French jurist, ornithologist (subsp. Campephilus melanoleucos, syn. Campethera cailliautii, Columba, Cyanoramphus, syn. Veniliornis nigriceps).

Crimson-crested Woodpecker (melanoleucos)
SCI Name: Campephilus melanoleucos melanoleucos
melanoleuca / melanoleucos / melanoleucus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white.
● ex "Buff-crested Woodpecker" of Latham 1782 (Campephilus).
● ex “Águila obscura y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 8 (Geranoaetus).
● “As Columba picata Latham 1801, was regularly used as valid in the 20th century, this precludes invoking the principle of reverse of precedence (ICZN 1999: 23.9.1.1, 23.9.1.2)” (McAllan 2007) (syn. Leucosarcia picata).
● ex “Esparvero negriblanco” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 28 (syn. Micrastur semitorquatus).
● ex “Plus petit Barbu à poitrine noir de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 688, fig. 2, “Plus petit Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Lesser Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (syn. Notharchus tectus).
● ex “Coucou huppé de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 872, “Jacobin huppé de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Coromandel Crested Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Oxylophus jacobinus).
● ex “Chipiu negro y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 144 (Poospiza).
● ex “Stone Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Tringa).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (Sylvia artefact).