Crowned Lapwing / Vanellus coronatus

Crowned Lapwing / Vanellus coronatus

Crowned Lapwing

SCI Name:  Vanellus coronatus
Protonym:  Charadrius Coronatus TablePlanchesEnlum. p.49
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  crolap1
Type Locality:  Cape of Good Hope, ex Daubenton, pi. 800.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1783
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

VANELLUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) Med. L. vanellus  lapwing  < dim. L. vannus  winnowing fan (in allusion to the broad wings and floppy flight); "Vanellus. Genus 71.  ...  **1. LE VANNEAU.  ... VANELLUS." (Brisson 1760): based on "Vanellus", "Capella", and "Caprea" of Gessner 1555, and many other authors, and Tringa Vanellus Linnaeus, 1758; "Vanellus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 94. Type, by tautonymy, Vanellus Brisson = Tringa vanellus Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 235).  The Northern Lapwing appears the most aberrant member of the genus; it has been suggested that Hoplopterus be resurrected for all the other species presently included in Vanellus.   
Var. Canellus, Cranellus.   
Synon. Acanthopteryx, Acanthropterus, Afribyx, Afrovanellus, Anitibyx, Anomalophrys, Belonopterus, Chettusia, Defilippia, Dilobus, Dorypaltus, Euhyas, Eurypterus, Gavia, Hemiparra, Hoplopterus, Limnetes, Lobibyx, Lobipluvia, Lobivanellus, Microsarcops, Nonnusia, Ptiloscelys, Rogibyx, Sarciophorus, Sarcogrammus, Stephanibyx, Titihoia, Tringa, Tylibyx, Vanellochettusia, Viator, Xiphidiopterus, Zapterus, Zonifer.

vanellus
Med. L. vanellus lapwing < dim. L. vannus winnowing fan; "78. TRINGA.  ...  Vanellus.  2. T. pedibus rubris, crista dependente, pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 148.  Capella s. Vanellus. Bell. av. 49. a. Gesn. av. 764. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 63. Will. orn. 228. t. 57. Jonst. av. 164. t. 53. 27. Raj. av. 110. Alb. av. I. p. 70. t. 74.  Habitat in Europa, Africa.  Migrat forte in Ægyptum. Ova Belgis in deliciis.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Vanellus).

coronatum / coronatus
L. coronatus crowned  < coronare  to crown  < corona  crown.
● ex “Perroquet Dufresne” of Levaillant 1805 (syn. Amazona dufresniana).
● ex “Calao des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 873, “Calao de Malabar” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Pied Hornbill” of Latham 1781 (Anthracoceros).
ex “Aguila coronada” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 7 (Harpyhaliaetus).
● ex “Tyran huppé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 289 (Onychorhynchus).
● ex “Merle de Bengale” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 258 (syn. Pitta brachyura).
● ex “Gobe-mouche rouge huppé” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 675, fig. 2, “Rubin de la rivière des Amazones” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Round-crested Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (syn. Pyrocephalus rubinus).
● ex “Crowned Eagle” of Edwards 1758 (Stephanoaetus).
● ex “Tordo de bosque coronado y negro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 77 (Tachyphonus).
● ex "Pluvier du cap de Bonne-Espérance" of d'Aubenton 176501781, pl. 800, "Pluvier couronné" of de Buffon 1770-1785, and "Wreathed Plover" of Latham 1785 (Vanellus).
● ex “Pepoazá coronada” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 202 (Xolmis).

SUBSPECIES

Crowned Lapwing (coronatus)
SCI Name: Vanellus coronatus coronatus
coronatum / coronatus
L. coronatus crowned  < coronare  to crown  < corona  crown.
● ex “Perroquet Dufresne” of Levaillant 1805 (syn. Amazona dufresniana).
● ex “Calao des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 873, “Calao de Malabar” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Pied Hornbill” of Latham 1781 (Anthracoceros).
ex “Aguila coronada” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 7 (Harpyhaliaetus).
● ex “Tyran huppé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 289 (Onychorhynchus).
● ex “Merle de Bengale” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 258 (syn. Pitta brachyura).
● ex “Gobe-mouche rouge huppé” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 675, fig. 2, “Rubin de la rivière des Amazones” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Round-crested Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (syn. Pyrocephalus rubinus).
● ex “Crowned Eagle” of Edwards 1758 (Stephanoaetus).
● ex “Tordo de bosque coronado y negro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 77 (Tachyphonus).
● ex "Pluvier du cap de Bonne-Espérance" of d'Aubenton 176501781, pl. 800, "Pluvier couronné" of de Buffon 1770-1785, and "Wreathed Plover" of Latham 1785 (Vanellus).
● ex “Pepoazá coronada” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 202 (Xolmis).

Crowned Lapwing (demissus)
SCI Name: Vanellus coronatus demissus
demissa / demissus
L. demissus modest, poor < demittere to lower.