Protonym: Leptopus (Leptodactylus) Mitchellii Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1844) (1844), Pt12 no.140 p.157
Category: Charadriiformes / Charadriidae / Phegornis
Taxonomy Code: diaplo1
Type Locality: Chile, probably in the Province of Colchagua.
Publish Year: 1845
IUCN Status: Near Threatened
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Diademed Plover P. mitchellii) Gr. φεγγος phengos light, splendour < φαινω phainō to shine; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos bird. "LEPTOPUS MITCHELLII. Lep. capite fuscescente linea alba circa verticem; collo ferrugineo; corpore superne cinereo-fusco purpureis metallicis coloribus ornato; fascia alba apud pectus; subtus fasciis parvis albis et nigris alternis" (Fraser 1845); "PHEGORNIS. † Bill longer than the head, very slender, and straight, with the tip slightly vaulted, the sides compressed and grooved; the nostrils basal, linear, and placed in the groove of the upper mandible, which extends to near the tip. Wings long and pointed; with the first, second, and third quills equal and longest. Tail moderate, broad, and rounded. Tarsi shorter than the middle toe, robust, and covered in front with small scales. Toes three, very long, and rather slender; the outer toe longer than the inner, and both free at their bases; the claws long, compressed, and slightly curved. The type of this division is an inhabitant of Chili. P. Mitchellii (Fras.) Proc. Zool. Soc. 1844, p. 157., Zool. Typ. pl. † Mr. L. Fraser gave two names in 1844 for this division; viz. Leptopus and Leptodactylus, both of which have been employed in zoology." (G. Gray 1846); "Phegornis G. R. Gray, Gen. Bds., 3, 1846, p. . Type, by original designation, Leptopus mitchellii Fraser. New name for Leptopus Fraser, not of Rafinesque; Leptoscelis DesMurs, not of Halliday; Leptodactylus Fraser, not of Fitzinger." (Peters 1934, II, 258).
Synon. Leptodactylus, Leptopus, Leptoscelis.
mitchelli / mitchellii
David William Mitchell (1813-1859) English zoologist, artist, Secretary of Zoological Society of London 1847-1859 (syn. Amandava subflava, Calliphlox, Phegornis, subsp. Picoides canicapillus, subsp. Trichoglossus forsteni).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)