Dodo / Raphus cucullatus

Dodo / Raphus cucullatus

Dodo

SCI Name:  Raphus cucullatus
Protonym:  Struthio cucullatus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.155
Category:  Columbiformes / Columbidae /
Taxonomy Code:  dodo1
Type Locality:  India = Mauritius.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

RAPHUS
‡ (Raphidae; Ϯ Dodo R. cucullatus) Gr. ραφος raphos name given to the bustard Otis by Galenus (190 AD), and probably a misreading for ουτις outis or ωτις ōtis (cf. Gr. ραφος rhaphos dubious bird name mentioned by Hesychius (in the plural form ραφοι rhaphoi)); "Dod-aars. Raphus.  ...  DOD AARS, in 't Latyn Raphus" (Moehring 1758); "Raphus. Genus 65.  ...  Le genre du Dronte. (1)  ...  (1) Dronte, nom que les Habitans de l'Isle Maurice donnent à l'espece de ce genre.  ...  Genus Raphi. (1)  ...  (1) Raphus, nomen a Moehringio huic generi inditum.  ...  1. LE DRONTE.  ...  RAPHUS." (Brisson 1760): ex "Gallinaceus Gallus peregrinus" and "Cignus cucullatus"of Clusius 1605, Nieremberg 1635, and Jonston 1650-1653, "Dronte" or "Dod-aers" of Bontius 1658, "Dodo" of Charleton 1668 and Willughby 1676, "Raphus" of Moehring 1758, and Struthio cucullatus Linnaeus, 1758; "Raphus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 46; 5, p. 14. Type, by monotypy, Raphus raphus Brisson = Struthio cucullatus Linné." (Peters 1937, III, 10). The Mauritian Dodo is the epitome of extinction and avian insensibility.
Synon. Didus.

cucullata / cucullatus
Late L. cucullatus  hooded, cowled  < L. cucullus  hood.
● ex “Cap-noir” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (syn. Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris).
● ex “Hirondelle à tête rousse du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 723, fig. 2 (Cecropis).
● ex “Moineau de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 181, fig. 1 (Coryphospingus).
● ex “Perruche à chaperon bleu” of Levaillant 1801-1805 (syn. Eos squamata).
● "62. MERGUS.  ...  cucullatus.  1. M. crista globosa utrinque alba, corpore supra fusco, subtus albo.  Anas cristatus. Catesb. car. I. p. 94. t. 94.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Lophodytes).
● ex “Hooded Flycatcher” of Latham 1801 (Melanodryas).
● ex Loxia coronata of Miller 1776, “Cardinal Dominicain huppé de la Louisiane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 103, and “Crested Cardinal” of Brown 1776 (syn. Paroaria coronata).
● ex “Pinçon du Sénégal” of Brisson 1760, and “Troupiale du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781 (Ploceus).
● "86. STRUTHIO.  ...  cucullatus.  4. S. pedibus tetradactylis, omnibus unguiculatis.  Gallus gallinaceus peregrinus. Clus. exot. 99. t. 100. Olear. mus. 23. t. 13. f. 5.  Cygnus cucullatus. Nieremb. nat. 231. Raj. av. 37.  Dronte. Bont. jav. 70.  Habitat in India." (Linnaeus 1758) (‡Raphus).
● ex “Gros-bec appelé la Nonnette” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 393, fig. 3 (?syn. Sporophila americana).