Dot-backed Antbird / Hylophylax punctulatus

Dot-backed Antbird / Hylophylax punctulatus

Dot-backed Antbird

SCI Name:  Hylophylax punctulatus
Protonym:  Rhopotera punctulata Exped.Am.Sud.Zool.[Castelnau] 1 Ois.(1855) p.53
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Thamnophilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  dobant2
Type Locality:  'Haut Amazone''; Pebas, north bank of the Maranon, Peru, suggested by Hellmayr, 1924, p. 311.
Publish Year:  1856
IUCN Status:  


(Thamnophilidae; Ϯ Spotted Antbird H. naevioides) Gr. ὑλη hulē woodland, forest; φυλαξ phulax, φυλακος phulakos  watcher, sentinel  < φυλασσω phulassō  to keep guard; "Hylophylax gen. nov.  (Formicariidæ.)   Agreeing with Pithys Vieillot, Anoplops Cabanis, Rhegmatorhina Ridgway, Phlegopsis Reichenbach, etc. (and differing from Hypocnemis Cabanis), in having the second phalanx of middle toe partly united to outer toe and the acrotarsium fused (not scutellate) but differing from the first in absence of crests and very different character of nostrils, from the second in featherless orbital region and other characters; nearest Sclateria, but differing in relatively much shorter and broader bill and very different style of coloration.   Type.—Conopophaga nævioides Lafresnaye.  ('Yλη, a wood, forest; φυλαξ, a watcher, guard, sentinel.)" (Ridgway 1909); "Hylophylax RIDGWAY, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 22, Apr. 1909, p. 70 (type [by original designation] Conopophaga naevioides LAFRESNAYE)." (Hellmayr, 1924, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. III, p. 307).
Var. Hylophyla, Hydrophyla.
Synon. Stictomyrmornis.

punctulata / punctulatus
Mod. L. punctulatus  spotted, dotted  < L. punctulum  little spot, small point  < punctum  spot  < pungere  to puncture.
● ex “Hoizitziltototl” of Hernandez 1651m, “Polytmus punctulatus” of Brisson 1760, “Zitzil” or “Colibri piqueté” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spotted Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (?syn. Anthracothorax nigricollis).
● "96. LOXIA.  ...  punctulata.  13. L. ferruginea, abdomine nigro albo-maculato.  Passer indicus fuscus, ventre ex albo & nigro punctato. Edw. av. 40. t. 40.  Habitat in Asia." (Linnaeus 1758) (Lonchura).
● ex “Punctated Cuckow” (= ☼) of Latham 1782 (syn. Tapera naevia).