Eurasian Marsh-Harrier / Circus aeruginosus

Eurasian Marsh-Harrier / Circus aeruginosus

Eurasian Marsh-Harrier

SCI Name:  Circus aeruginosus
Protonym:  Falco aeruginosus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.91
Category:  Accipitriformes / Accipitridae /
Taxonomy Code:  wemhar1
Type Locality:  Europe; restricted to Sweden by Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica, ed. 2, p. 23.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CIRCUS
(Accipitridae; Ϯ Western Marsh Harrier C. aeruginosus) Gr. κιρκος kirkos  partly mythical hawk, named for its circling flight  < κιρκος kirkos  circle, mentioned by many classical authors and later identified with the Hen Harrier (cf. κιρκη kirkē  bird referred to by Aelianus, different to κιρκος kirkos but not otherwise identified); "BUSARD. Circus.  { Le bec courbé dès la base; la tête plate en dessus, et garnie de plumes; la base du bec recouverte d'une cire; les ailes très-longues; la première penne de l'aile, très-courte; le tarse long et grêle." (de Lacépède 1799); "Circus Lacépède, Tabl. Ois., 1799, p. 4. Type, by subsequent designation, Falco aeruginosus Linné. (Lesson, Man. d'Orn., 1, 1828, p. 105.)" (Peters, 1931, I, p. 264).
Var. Cercus.
Synon. Eucircus, Glaucopteryx, Melanocircus, Polyborus, Pseudocircus, Pterocircus, Pygargus, Spilocircus, Spizacircus, Strigiceps.

circus
Gr. κιρκος kirkos  partly mythical hawk, named for its circling flight  < κιρκος kirkos  circle (syn. Circus aeruginosus).

aeruginosa / aeruginosum / aeruginosus
L. aeruginosus  rusty  < aerugo, aeruginis  copper rust.
● "41. FALCO.  ...  æruginosus.  24. F. cera fusca, corpore griseo, vertice gula axillis pedibusque luteis.  Falco cera luteo-viridi, pedibus luteis, corpore ferrugineo, vertice fulvo. Fn. svec. 63.  Milvus æruginosus. Will. orn. 42. t. 7. Raj. av. 17. Alb. av. I. p. 3. t. 3.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Circus).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  æruginosus.  12. P. macrourus viridis, vertice remigibusque primoribus cæruleis.  Psittacus minor, gutture fusco, occidentalis. Edw. av. 177. t. 177.  Habitat in America.  Cauda corpore brevior." (Linnaeus 1758) (subsp. Eupsittula pertinax).

SUBSPECIES

Eurasian Marsh-Harrier (aeruginosus)
SCI Name: Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus
aeruginosa / aeruginosum / aeruginosus
L. aeruginosus  rusty  < aerugo, aeruginis  copper rust.
● "41. FALCO.  ...  æruginosus.  24. F. cera fusca, corpore griseo, vertice gula axillis pedibusque luteis.  Falco cera luteo-viridi, pedibus luteis, corpore ferrugineo, vertice fulvo. Fn. svec. 63.  Milvus æruginosus. Will. orn. 42. t. 7. Raj. av. 17. Alb. av. I. p. 3. t. 3.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Circus).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  æruginosus.  12. P. macrourus viridis, vertice remigibusque primoribus cæruleis.  Psittacus minor, gutture fusco, occidentalis. Edw. av. 177. t. 177.  Habitat in America.  Cauda corpore brevior." (Linnaeus 1758) (subsp. Eupsittula pertinax).

Eurasian Marsh-Harrier (harterti)
SCI Name: Circus aeruginosus harterti
harterti / hartertiana / hartertianus
Ernst Johann Otto Hartert (1859-1933) German ornithologist, collector, Curator of Rothschild Mus., Tring (syn. Acestrura berlepschi, subsp. Acrocephalus australis, subsp. Alauda arvensis, syn. Aplonis opaca kurodai, subsp. Arses telescopthalmus, syn. Artamus leucoryn leucopygialis, AsthenesBatrachostomus, syn. Brachypteryx leucophrys carolinae, subsp. Burhinus oedicnemus, subsp. Buteo buteoCamaroptera, subsp. Campylorhynchus albobrunneus, syn. Certhia brachydactyla, subsp. Chalcites lucidus, syn. Chlorocichla simplex, subsp. Cincloramphus macrurus, subsp. Circus aeruginosus, syn. Cisticola juncidis, syn. Columba delegorguei sharpei, subsp. Crypturellus soui, syn. Cyanistes caeruleus ogliastrae, syn. Cyornis unicolor cyanopolia, subsp. Dendrocopos major, subsp. Dicrurus macrocercus, syn. Dryobates minor colchicus, syn. Dyaphorophyia concreta graueri, subsp. Emberiza schoeniclus, syn. Entomyzon cyanotis, syn. Eophona migratoria sowerbyi, subsp. Eudynamys scolopaceus, subsp. Eumyias panayensis, syn. Eurostopodus argusEurylaimus, syn. Falco peregrinus calidusFicedula, subsp. Fringilla coelebs, syn. Galerida theklae ruficolor, syn. Geospiza fuliginosa, subsp. Heleia superciliaris, subsp. Hemiprocne longipennis, syn. Hieraaetus pennatus, syn. Hypsipetes amaurotis stejnegeri, syn. Icterus icterus, subsp. Illadopsis turdina, syn. Jynx torquilla sarudnyi, syn. Lagonosticta nitidula, subsp. Linaria cannabina, syn. Lullula arborea pallida, subsp. Machaerirhynchus nigripectus, subsp. Malacocincla sepiaria, subsp. Melanorectes nigrescens, syn. Metallura tyrianthina oreopola, subsp. Micropsitta pusio, subsp. Mirafra africana, syn. Monarcha cinerascens, subsp. Mulleripicus pulverulentus, syn. Myiozetetes cayanensis hellmayri, subsp. Myrmecocichla arnotti, subsp. Myzomela obscura, syn. Ochrospiza dorsostriata maculicollis, syn. Onychognathus fulgidus hartlaubii, syn. Phylloscopus orientalis, syn. Phylloscopus reguloides assamensis, Phlogophilus, syn. Picoides kizuki matsudairai, subsp. Picumnus olivaceus, subsp. Pittasoma rufopileatum, subsp. Pnoepyga pusilla, syn. Poephila personata, subsp. Prionops caniceps, subsp. Psittacella brehmii, syn. Pternistis afer cranchii, syn. Pycnonotus barbatus tricolor, syn. Rhipidura albiscapa alisteri, syn. Rhipidura rufifrons granti, subsp. Rhodinocichla rosea, syn. Rhyticeros plicatus, syn. Scotocerca inquieta, subsp. Sericornis frontalis, syn. Sitta europaea roseilia, syn. Strix aluco nivicola, syn. Sturnus vulgaris porphyronotus, Tarphonomus, subsp. Terpsiphone viridis, Thapsinillas, syn. Treron curvirostra, syn. Vanellus miles, syn. Yuhina flavicollis rouxi, subsp. Zosterops citrinella, syn. Zosterops japonicus simplex).