Eurasian Dotterel / Charadrius morinellus

Eurasian Dotterel / Charadrius morinellus

Eurasian Dotterel

SCI Name:  Charadrius morinellus
Protonym:  Charadrius Morinellus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.150
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  eurdot
Type Locality:  Europe, restricted type locality Sweden, apud Hartert, p. 1545.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

morinellus
Dim. < Gr. μωρος mōros  foolish; “I call it Morinellus for two reasons, first, because it is frequent among the Morini (*Flemmings) and, next, because it is a foolish bird, even to a proverb, we calling a foolish dull person a Dotterel” (Ray 1678); "79. CHARADRIUS.  ...  Morinellus.  6. C. pectore ferrugineo, fascia superciliorum pectorisque lineari alba, pedibus nigris. Fn. svec. 158. 160.  Morinellus. Alb. av. 2. p. 57. t. 61. 62. Raj. av. 111.  Habitat in Europa: ad Alpes migrans per Upsaliam medio maji septentrionem versus.  Mas ad scrobiculum abdominis niger, femina non." (Linnaeus 1758) (Eudromias).

Morinellus
(syn. Eudromias Ϯ Eurasian Dotterel E. morinellus) Based on "Morinellus" of Gessner 1555, and specific name Charadrius Morinellus Linnaeus, 1758 (ex "Morinellus" of Ray 1713, and Linnaeus 1746, and "Dotterell" of Albin 1731-1738); "EUDROMIAS, Boie.  Charadrius, L.  Pluvialis, Briss.  Morinellus, Gesn.   E. Morinella, (L.) Boie, Pl. enl. 832" (G. Gray 1840); "C. CHARADRIEÆ.  ...  20. Morinellus, Bp.   42. sibiricus, Gm. (morinellus, L. tataricus, Pallas.  montanus, Brehm.  stolidus, Brehm.)   43. caspius, Pallas.  (asiaticus, Pallas, nec Hortf.  jugularis, Wagl.  gigas, Brehm. juv.)   44. australis, Gould." (Bonaparte 1856); "Morinellus (not Morinella Meyer and Wolf, 1810) Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 43, p. 417, 1856—type, by tautonymy, Charadrius morinellus Linnaeus." (Hellmayr & Conover, 1948, XIII, 80).