St. Helena Plover / Charadrius sanctaehelenae

St. Helena Plover / Charadrius sanctaehelenae

St. Helena Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius sanctaehelenae
Protonym:  AEgialitis sanctae-helenae Ibis p.260,262,266 pl.9
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  sthplo1
Type Locality:  St. Helena Island.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1873
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

sanctaehelenae
● Santa Elena peninsula, western Ecuador (Anas).
● St. Helena I.  < Late L. sanctus  saint  < L. sanctus  holy  < sancire  to consecrate; L. Helena  Helena (discovered on 21st May 1502, feast-day of Helena, mother of the Emperor Constantine) (Charadrius, syn. Estrilda astrild).