Gray Antbird / Cercomacra cinerascens

Gray Antbird / Cercomacra cinerascens

Gray Antbird

SCI Name:  Cercomacra cinerascens
Protonym:  Formicivora cinerascens Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt25 no.335 p.131
Category:  Passeriformes / Thamnophilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gryant2
Type Locality:  Rio Napo, Ecuador.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1857
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CERCOMACRA
(Thamnophilidae; Ϯ Rio de Janeiro Antbird C. brasiliana) Gr. κερκος kerkos  tail; μακρος makros  long; "GENUS VI. CERCOMACRA.  Statura major: ptilosis magis unicolor: forma validior: rostrum ad basin dilatatum: cauda longa e rectricibus plerumque decem multum graduatis: acrotarsiis divisis, paratarsiis integris.  These birds form a transition between Formicivora and Pyriglena. I have sometimes been inclined to unite them to the latter; but they differ in their broad flattened bill, which in Pyriglena is compressed throughout.   1. CERCOMACRA CÆRULESCENS.  Myrmothera cærulescens, Vieill. Nouv. Dict. xvii. p. 311.   ...   2. CERCOMACRA CINERASCENS.  Formicivora cærulescens, Sclater, P.Z.S. 1854, p. 112.  Formicivora cinerascens, Sclater, P.Z.S. 1859, p. 131.   ...   3. CERCOMACRA TYRANNINA.  Pyriglena tyrannina, Sclater, P.Z.S. 1855, p. 90. pl. 98. et p. 147.   ...   4. CERCOMACRA NIGRICANS, sp. nov.   ...   5. CERCOMACRA ATROTHORAX.  L'Alapi de Cayenne, Buff. Pl. Enl. 701. fig. 2.  Turdus atrothorax, Bodd. Table d. Pl. Enl.  Turdus alapi, Gm. et auct." (P. Sclater 1858); "Cercomacra Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 26, 1858, p. 244. Type, by subsequent designation, Cercomacra caerulescens Sclater not Myrmothera caerulescens Vieillot = Cercomacra brasiliana Hellmayr (Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15, 1890, p. 263)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 213).
Var. Ceromacra.

cinerascens
Late L. cinerescens, cinerescentis  ashen  < cinerescere  to turn to ashes  < L. cinis, cineris  ashes.
● ex “Mésange Grisette” of Levaillant 1803, pl. 138 (Melaniparus).

SUBSPECIES

Gray Antbird (cinerascens)
SCI Name: Cercomacra cinerascens cinerascens
cinerascens
Late L. cinerescens, cinerescentis  ashen  < cinerescere  to turn to ashes  < L. cinis, cineris  ashes.
● ex “Mésange Grisette” of Levaillant 1803, pl. 138 (Melaniparus).

Gray Antbird (immaculata)
SCI Name: Cercomacra cinerascens immaculata
immaculata / immaculatus
L. immaculatus  immaculate, spotless, unstained  < in-  without; macula  spot.
● ex “Ypacahá obscuro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 371 (syn. Pardirallus nigricans).

Gray Antbird (sclateri)
SCI Name: Cercomacra cinerascens sclateri
sclateri
● Dr Philip Lutley Sclater (1829-1913) English ornithologist, collector (subsp. Apalis cinerea, subsp. Asthenes wyatti, subsp. Attila spadiceus, Cacicus, syn. Campephilus gayaquilensis, subsp. Camptostoma obsoletum, syn. Casuarius casuarius, subsp. Cercomacra cinerascens, subsp. Chaetura cinereiventris, Chasiempis, subsp. Colinus leucopogon, syn. Crax fasciolata, syn. Cyanocorax affinis, Doliornis, Eudyptes, Euphonia (ex Bonaparte MS), subsp. Forpus modestus, subsp. Guttera verreauxi, syn. Heliomaster longirostris, subsp. Hirundinea ferruginea, subsp. Icterus pustulatus, Knipolegus, Lophophorus, Loriculus, subsp. Loxigilla noctis, Meliarchus, subsp. Monasa morphoeus, subsp. Myiarchus oberi, Myrmotherula, Myzomela, Nonnula, syn. Penelope barbata, subsp. Penelope montagnii, syn. Penelope obscuraPheugopedius, Phyllomyias, Picumnus, syn. Pipreola chlorolepidota, syn. Plectropterus gambensisPoecile, Pseudocolopteryx, syn. Rufirallus fasciatus, syn. Spinus magellanicus capitalis, subsp. Tachycineta euchrysea, subsp. Tangara aurulenta, syn. Tangara cabanisi, syn. Thamnophilus amazonicus, syn. Thraupis episcopus nesophilus, subsp. Thripadectes virgaticeps, subsp. Todirostrum cinereum, subsp. Tolmomyias poliocephalus, Vireo, subsp. Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus).
● William Lutley Sclater (1863-1944) English ornithologist (son of Dr Philip Lutley Sclater), Director of Cape Town Mus. 1896-1906 (syn. Apalis thoracica capensis, subsp. Caprimulgus climacurus, subsp. Cercotrichas leucophrys, syn. Chlidonias hybrida delalandii, syn. Cisticola galactotes amphilectus, subsp. Cyanomitra olivacea, subsp. Dendrocitta vagabunda, subsp. Monticola rufocinereus, subsp. Neomixis striatigula, syn. Ploceus bicolor stictifronsSpizocorys, syn. Turtur afer).

Gray Antbird (iterata)
SCI Name: Cercomacra cinerascens iterata
iterata / iteratus
L. iteratus  repeated  < iterare  to repeat  < iterum  again.
● "Most closely resembling Saltator aurantiirostris bolivianus Chapman [= syn. Saltator aurantiirostris hellmayri] of the Temperate Zone in Bolivia, the black areas on the breast and sides of the throat as in that race" (Chapman 1927) (subsp. Saltator aurantiirostris).
● "Most nearly resembling Hemispingus frontalis ignobilis (Sclater) of the Subtropical Zone of western Venezuela but entire underparts with a stronger ochraceous tone, this difference particularly pronounced on the abdominal region. Similar to Hemispingus frontalis hanieli Hellmayr and Seilern of the Subtropical Zone of north-central Venezuela but more yellow throughout, the upperparts greener" (Chapman 1929) (subsp. Sphenopsis frontalis).