Great-billed Hermit / Phaethornis malaris

Great-billed Hermit / Phaethornis malaris

Great-billed Hermit

SCI Name:  Phaethornis malaris
Protonym:  Trochilus malaris ReiseErde[Erman],Naturhist.Atlas p.2 pl.16
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grbher1
Type Locality:  No type locality = Cayenne.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1835
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PHAETHORNIS
(Trochilidae; Long-tailed Hermit P. superciliosus) Gr. φαεθων phaethōn  sun  < φαω phaō  to shine; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "97. Cynanthus bifurcatus.   ...   This is an aberrant species, touching the genus Phæthornis, Sw., or that group of which Troch. superciliosus of Authors forms the type." (Swainson 1827 (Philos. Mag., 1, 441)); "PHÆTHORNISRostrum elongatum, arcuatum. Cauda elongata, gradata vel cuneata.   Types. 1. T. superciliosus, L.   2. Col. tacheté? Temm., Pl. col. 120. f. 3.   3. T. chrysobronchos, Shaw." (Swainson 1827 (Zool. Journ., III, 357)); "Phæthornis Swainson, Philos. Mag. (n.s.). 1, June, 1827, p. 441.  Type, by original designation, "Troch. superciliosus of Authors" i.e. Trochilus superciliosus Linné." (Peters, 1945, V, 7).   
Var. Phaetornis, Phoethornis, Phoetornis, Phaethornus, Phaedornis, Phrethornis.   
Synon. Anisoterus, Eremita, Guyornis, Mesophila, Milornis, Ptyonornis, Pygmornis, Toxoteuches.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Thaumastura † Peruvian Sheartail T. cora) "5. Subgen.  Phaetornis Swains.   204. 7. Tr. Cora.   Orthorhynchus Cora Less. Garn. Zool. Coq. pl. 31. 4.   Ornismya Cora Man. Ornith. II. p. 82." (von Tschudi 1844); "Phaethornis von Tschudi, 1844, Archiv für Naturgesch., X, p. 297.  Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 122), Orthorhynchus cora Lesson, 1827." (JAJ 2020).
• (Trochilidae; syn. Trochilus † Red-billed Streamertail T. polytmus) "Phœthornis, Swainson.  ...  La tête est sans ornament ou munie de huppes.   ESP. 13.  OISEAU-MOUCHE A TÊTE NOIRE.  Ornismya cephalatra. N.  ...  Trochilus polytmus, L. sp. 4   ...   ESP. 14. OISEAU-MOUCHE A OREILLES D'AZUR.  Ornismya aurita. N.   ...   ESP. 15.  OISEAU-MOUCHE AUX HUPPES D'OR.  Ornismya chrysolopha. N.  ...  Trochilus cornutus, prince de Wied   ...   ESP. 16.  OISEAU-MOUCHE LANGSDORFF.  Ornismya Langsdorffii. N.   ...   ESP. 17.  OISEAU-MOUCHE CORA.  Ornismya Cora. N.   ...   ESP. 18.  OISEAU-MOUCHE A QUEUE SINGULIÈRE.  Ornismya heteropygia. N.  ...  Trochilus enicurus, Vieill." (Lesson 1829); "Phaethornis Lesson, 1829, Hist. Nat. Oiseaux-Mouches, p. xviij.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14), Ornismya cephalatra Lesson, 1829 = Trochilus polytmus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).

malaris
Mod. L. malaris of the cheek, malar < L. mala cheek.

SUBSPECIES

Great-billed Hermit (Great-billed)
SCI Name: Phaethornis malaris malaris/insolitus
PHAETHORNIS
(Trochilidae; Long-tailed Hermit P. superciliosus) Gr. φαεθων phaethōn  sun  < φαω phaō  to shine; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "97. Cynanthus bifurcatus.   ...   This is an aberrant species, touching the genus Phæthornis, Sw., or that group of which Troch. superciliosus of Authors forms the type." (Swainson 1827 (Philos. Mag., 1, 441)); "PHÆTHORNISRostrum elongatum, arcuatum. Cauda elongata, gradata vel cuneata.   Types. 1. T. superciliosus, L.   2. Col. tacheté? Temm., Pl. col. 120. f. 3.   3. T. chrysobronchos, Shaw." (Swainson 1827 (Zool. Journ., III, 357)); "Phæthornis Swainson, Philos. Mag. (n.s.). 1, June, 1827, p. 441.  Type, by original designation, "Troch. superciliosus of Authors" i.e. Trochilus superciliosus Linné." (Peters, 1945, V, 7).   
Var. Phaetornis, Phoethornis, Phoetornis, Phaethornus, Phaedornis, Phrethornis.   
Synon. Anisoterus, Eremita, Guyornis, Mesophila, Milornis, Ptyonornis, Pygmornis, Toxoteuches.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Thaumastura † Peruvian Sheartail T. cora) "5. Subgen.  Phaetornis Swains.   204. 7. Tr. Cora.   Orthorhynchus Cora Less. Garn. Zool. Coq. pl. 31. 4.   Ornismya Cora Man. Ornith. II. p. 82." (von Tschudi 1844); "Phaethornis von Tschudi, 1844, Archiv für Naturgesch., X, p. 297.  Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 122), Orthorhynchus cora Lesson, 1827." (JAJ 2020).
• (Trochilidae; syn. Trochilus † Red-billed Streamertail T. polytmus) "Phœthornis, Swainson.  ...  La tête est sans ornament ou munie de huppes.   ESP. 13.  OISEAU-MOUCHE A TÊTE NOIRE.  Ornismya cephalatra. N.  ...  Trochilus polytmus, L. sp. 4   ...   ESP. 14. OISEAU-MOUCHE A OREILLES D'AZUR.  Ornismya aurita. N.   ...   ESP. 15.  OISEAU-MOUCHE AUX HUPPES D'OR.  Ornismya chrysolopha. N.  ...  Trochilus cornutus, prince de Wied   ...   ESP. 16.  OISEAU-MOUCHE LANGSDORFF.  Ornismya Langsdorffii. N.   ...   ESP. 17.  OISEAU-MOUCHE CORA.  Ornismya Cora. N.   ...   ESP. 18.  OISEAU-MOUCHE A QUEUE SINGULIÈRE.  Ornismya heteropygia. N.  ...  Trochilus enicurus, Vieill." (Lesson 1829); "Phaethornis Lesson, 1829, Hist. Nat. Oiseaux-Mouches, p. xviij.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14), Ornismya cephalatra Lesson, 1829 = Trochilus polytmus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).

Great-billed Hermit (Amazonian)
SCI Name: Phaethornis malaris [moorei Group]
PHAETHORNIS
(Trochilidae; Long-tailed Hermit P. superciliosus) Gr. φαεθων phaethōn  sun  < φαω phaō  to shine; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "97. Cynanthus bifurcatus.   ...   This is an aberrant species, touching the genus Phæthornis, Sw., or that group of which Troch. superciliosus of Authors forms the type." (Swainson 1827 (Philos. Mag., 1, 441)); "PHÆTHORNISRostrum elongatum, arcuatum. Cauda elongata, gradata vel cuneata.   Types. 1. T. superciliosus, L.   2. Col. tacheté? Temm., Pl. col. 120. f. 3.   3. T. chrysobronchos, Shaw." (Swainson 1827 (Zool. Journ., III, 357)); "Phæthornis Swainson, Philos. Mag. (n.s.). 1, June, 1827, p. 441.  Type, by original designation, "Troch. superciliosus of Authors" i.e. Trochilus superciliosus Linné." (Peters, 1945, V, 7).   
Var. Phaetornis, Phoethornis, Phoetornis, Phaethornus, Phaedornis, Phrethornis.   
Synon. Anisoterus, Eremita, Guyornis, Mesophila, Milornis, Ptyonornis, Pygmornis, Toxoteuches.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Thaumastura † Peruvian Sheartail T. cora) "5. Subgen.  Phaetornis Swains.   204. 7. Tr. Cora.   Orthorhynchus Cora Less. Garn. Zool. Coq. pl. 31. 4.   Ornismya Cora Man. Ornith. II. p. 82." (von Tschudi 1844); "Phaethornis von Tschudi, 1844, Archiv für Naturgesch., X, p. 297.  Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 122), Orthorhynchus cora Lesson, 1827." (JAJ 2020).
• (Trochilidae; syn. Trochilus † Red-billed Streamertail T. polytmus) "Phœthornis, Swainson.  ...  La tête est sans ornament ou munie de huppes.   ESP. 13.  OISEAU-MOUCHE A TÊTE NOIRE.  Ornismya cephalatra. N.  ...  Trochilus polytmus, L. sp. 4   ...   ESP. 14. OISEAU-MOUCHE A OREILLES D'AZUR.  Ornismya aurita. N.   ...   ESP. 15.  OISEAU-MOUCHE AUX HUPPES D'OR.  Ornismya chrysolopha. N.  ...  Trochilus cornutus, prince de Wied   ...   ESP. 16.  OISEAU-MOUCHE LANGSDORFF.  Ornismya Langsdorffii. N.   ...   ESP. 17.  OISEAU-MOUCHE CORA.  Ornismya Cora. N.   ...   ESP. 18.  OISEAU-MOUCHE A QUEUE SINGULIÈRE.  Ornismya heteropygia. N.  ...  Trochilus enicurus, Vieill." (Lesson 1829); "Phaethornis Lesson, 1829, Hist. Nat. Oiseaux-Mouches, p. xviij.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14), Ornismya cephalatra Lesson, 1829 = Trochilus polytmus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).

Great-billed Hermit (Margaretta's)
SCI Name: Phaethornis malaris margarettae
margaretae / margaretha / margarethae / margarettae
• Margarethe Heine (1847-1932) sister of German ornithologist Ferdinand Heine, Jr. (subsp. Aglaiocercus kingii, subsp. Tanysiptera galatea).
• Margaret Forbes Moore née Cleaves (fl. 1937) second wife of US ornithologist Robert T. Moore (subsp. Atthis heloisa).
• Dr Margarethe Blasius née Uhde (1858-1907) wife of German ornithologist Wilhelm A. H. Blasius (Laurent Raty in litt.) (Ceyx).
• Princess Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes (1860-1917) Duchess of Connaught, daughter of Prince Friedrich of Prussia, and wife of Field Marshall Prince Arthur Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Charmosyna).
• Margaret Louise Zimmer née Thompson (d. 1945) wife of US ornithologist John T. Zimmer (subsp. Coeligena torquata).
• Margaret Fitzell Gilliard née Tifft (1918-2008) wife of US ornithologist E. Thomas Gilliard (subsp. Microptilotis montanus).
• Dr Margaret Morse Nice (1883-1974) US ornithologist, child psychologist (Payevsky 2018 per Björn Bergenholtz) (syn. Passer montanus).
• Margaretta Lammot DuPont Greenewalt (1902-1991) wife of US businessman Crawford Hallock Greenewalt, President of DuPont Corporation 1948-1962, conservationist, photographer (Phaethornis).
• Margaretha Auguste Henriette Caroline Louise Gräfin von Plessen (b. 1894) sister of German explorer Victor Baron von Plessen (Paul Scofield in litt.) (syn. Ptilinopus melanospilus chrysorrhous).
• Margareta le Roi (fl. 1932) wife of German ornithologist Dr Otto le Roi (syn. Ptilopsis leucotis).
• Margarethe Fanny Charlotte Johansen née Busch (d. 1885) mother of Russian zoologist and explorer Prof. Hermann Johansen (syn. Saxicola rubetra).
• Margarete Mayr née Simon (1912-1990) wife of US/German ornithologist Ernst Mayr (Zoothera).