Great Gray Owl / Strix nebulosa

Great Gray Owl / Strix nebulosa

Great Gray Owl

SCI Name:  Strix nebulosa
Protonym:  Strix nebulosa Philos.Trans. 62 p.424
Taxonomy:  Strigiformes / Strigidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grgowl
Type Locality:  Hudson Bay.
Publish Year:  1772
IUCN Status:  


(Strigidae; Ϯ Tawny Owl S. aluco) L. strix, strigis  owl, screech-owl believed to suck the blood of infants  < Gr. στριξ strix, στριγος strigos  owl; "42. STRIX.  Rostrum aduncum (absque cera) basi pennis setaceis tectum.  Caput grande auribus oculisque magnis.  Lingua bifida.  ... Strix differt a Falcone ut Phalæna a Papilione; altera enim diurna, alter nocturnus est. Noctu prædantur aviculis, muribus; die cæcutiunt; pedes lanati ne frigescant; aures amplæ ut percipiant; die aviculis opprobrio expositæ." (Linnaeus 1758); “The type of the genus Strix has by most English authors been considered to be S. flammea [= Tyto alba] of the 12th edition of Linnaeus. This species, however, is not found in the 10th edition, so that it is necessary to find a type among the species which are included in that edition. An examination of Linnaeus’ descriptions and synonomy shows that the Strix of the older authors is Strix stridula = S. aluco of Linnaeus, viz. the Tawny Owl, so that on the principle of Linnean tautonomy this will be the type” (BOU 1915); "Strix Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 92. Type, by tautonymy, Strix stridula Linné (Strix, prebinomial specific name in synonymy) = Strix aluco Linné." (Peters 1940, IV, 156).  This is the third diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Strix comprised eleven  species (S. Bubo, S. scandiaca, S. Asio, S. Otus, S. Scops, S. Aluco, S. funerea, S. Nyctea, S. stridula, S. Ulula, S. passerina). The hooting cries of the Tawny Owl are commemorated, sometimes fancifully, in literature and song.
Var. Stryx.
Synon. Aluco, Bulaca, Macabra, Meseidus, Myrtha, Nyctimene, Ptynx, Scotiaptex, Syrnium, Tacitathena, Ulula.
● (syn. Tyto Ϯ Common Barn Owl T. alba) "17. STRIX.  Bec alongé, presque droit à la base; narines longitudinales, grandes; oreilles externe grandes et operculées: ongle intermédiaire crénelé sur son bord interne. . . .aigrettes nulles.   ...   GENRE XVII,  STRIX.  ...  ESPÈCE.  STRIX flammea.  L'Effraie." (de Savigny 1809): based on "Strix" of many ancient authors, "Ulula" and "Flammea" of Gessner 1555, "Aluco minor" of Willughby 1676 and Ray 1713, Strix flammea Linnaeus, 1758, "Aluco" of Brisson 1760, and Strix flammea Gmelin, 1788; "Strix Savigny Descr. Égypte Hist. Nat. vol. i. pp. 69, 113, 1809. Type (by monotypy): Strix flammea auct. = Strix alba Scopoli.  Not Strix Linné, Syst. Nat. 10th ed. p. 92, Jan. 1st, 1758." (Mathews 1927, 278).

nebulosa / nebulosum / nebulosus
L. nebulosus  misty, cloudy, dark  < nebula  cloud, mist.
● ex “Nebuleux” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 149 (Sylvia artefact).


Great Gray Owl (American)
SCI Name: Strix nebulosa nebulosa
nebulosa / nebulosum / nebulosus
L. nebulosus  misty, cloudy, dark  < nebula  cloud, mist.
● ex “Nebuleux” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 149 (Sylvia artefact).

Great Gray Owl (Lapland)
SCI Name: Strix nebulosa lapponica
lapponica / lapponicum / lapponicus
Lapponia (= Lapland).
● ex “Fringilla major. Greater Bunting” of Albin 1738, and “Fringilla capite nigricante maculato: macula pone oculos alba” of Linnaeus 1746 (Calcarius).
● ex Tetrao lagopus Montin, 1781, and “Rehusak Grous ” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Lagopus lagopus).
● "77. SCOLOPAX.  ...  lapponica.  12. S. rostro subrecurvato, pedibusque nigris, pectore ferrugineo.  Recurvirostra pectore croceo. Fn. svec. 138.  Habitat in Lapponia. Rudbeck." (Linnaeus 1758) (Limosa).