Great Rufous Woodcreeper / Xiphocolaptes major

Great Rufous Woodcreeper / Xiphocolaptes major

Great Rufous Woodcreeper

SCI Name:  Xiphocolaptes major
Protonym:  Dendrocopus major Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 26 p.118
Category:  Passeriformes / Furnariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grrwoo1
Type Locality:  Paraguay, ex Azara.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1818
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

XIPHOCOLAPTES
(Furnariidae; Ϯ White-throated Woodcreeper X. albicollis) Gr. ξιφος xiphos  sword; κολαπτης kolaptēs  pecker  < κολαπτω kolaptō  to peck (cf. genus Colaptes Vigors, 1826, woodpecker); "II. BEC RECOURBÉ (Xiphocolaptes).  1º D. decumanus, Illig., Lichst., no. 147. — Grand Pic-grimpereau, Azara, 241. — Dendrocopus albicollis, Vieill., Encycl., II, p. 625. — Dendrocopus decumanus et falcirostris, Spix, pl. 87 et 88. — Dendrocopus albicollis, La Fr. et d'Orb., Cat., p. 10.  — Hab. Saint-Paul.   2º D. squamatus, Lich.  ...  3º D. tenuirostris, Lichs.  ...  4º E. bivittatus, Lich.  ...  Dendrocopus angustirostris, Vieill.??  ...  5º D. major, Vieill.  ...  Dendrocopus rubiginosus, La Fr.  ...  6º D. angustirostris  ...  7º D. albogularis, King.  ...  8º D. rubricaudatus?  ...  Trepadore remosycola roxos, Azara, nº 247  ...  9º D. fuscus  ...  10º D. fuliginosus  ...  11º D. maculatus  ...  12º D. pyrrophius  ...  Tropadero ypardo, Azara, nº 255  ...  13º D. griseicapillus, Vieill.  ...   14º D. promeropirhynchus, Less." (Lesson 1840); "Xiphocolaptes Lesson, Rev. Zool., 1840, p. 269. Type, by subsequent designation, Dendrocopus albicollis Vieillot (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 28)." (Peters 1951, VII, 26).
Synon. Dryocolaptes.

major
L. maior, maioris  greater, larger  < comp. magnus  great, large, powerful.
● ex “Poule d’eau de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 352; “Even if [Statius Müller, 1776] ...should some day be repudiated by ornithologists on account of his carelessness and his apparent colour-blindness, then the proper name of the species would be Aramides major (Boddaert), founded on Daubenton’s plate” (Sharpe 1894) (syn. Aramides cajanea).
● ex “Grand Corbeau” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 51 (unident.;?Corvus sp.).
● ex “Crotophagus major” of Brisson 1760, “Grand bout de Petun” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 102, fig. 1, “Ani des palétuviers” of Salerne 1767, and “Greater Ani” of Latham 1781 (Crotophaga).
● 54. PICUS.  ...  major.  10. P. albo nigroque varius, ano occipiteque rubro.  Picus albo nigroque varius, rectricibus tribus lateralibus utrinque albescentibus. Fn. svec. 81.  Picus varius major. Ges. av. 708. Aldr. ornith. l. 12. c. 32. Will. orn. 94. t. 21. Raj. av. 43. Alb. av. I. p. 19. t. 19. Frisch. av. . . t. 36. f. 1.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Dendrocopos).
● ex “Grande Egrette d’Amérique” of d’Aubenton, 1765-1781, pl. 925 (syn. Egretta garzetta).
● ex “Scolopax media” of Frisch 1733-1763, “Great Snipe” of Pennant 1768, and Latham 1785 (syn. Gallinago media).
● ex “Grand Indicateur, mâle” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 241, fig. 1 (syn. Indicator indicator).
● ex “Pie-grièche Blanchot” of Levaillant 1810, pl. 285 (syn. Malaconotus blanchoti).
● ex “An other sort of Loggerhead” of Sloane 1707-1725, “Sitta” or “Picus cinereus major, rostro curvo” of Ray 1713, “Grand Sittelle à bec crochu” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Great Nuthatch” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Myiarchus validus).
● ex “Parus major” of Gessner 1555, Belon 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Fringillago”, “Great Titmouse” or “Ox Eye” of Ray 1713, and Albin 1731, and “Parus capite nigro, temporibus albis, nucha luteis” of Linnaeus 1746 (Parus).
ex “Grèbe de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 404, fig. 1, and “Grand Grèbe” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (Podiceps).
● ex “Barbican des côtes de Barbarie” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 602 (syn. Pogonornis dubius).
● ex “Grande Quiscale” of Vieillot 1819 (Quiscalus).
● ex “Tangara des grands bois de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 205 (syn. Saltator maximus).
● ex “Batara mayor” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 211 (Taraba).
● ex “Macucagua” of Marcgrave 1648, Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, “Perdix brasiliensis” of Brisson 1760, and “Magoua” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Tinamus).
● ex “Trepadore grande” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 241 (Xiphocolaptes).

SUBSPECIES

Great Rufous Woodcreeper (castaneus)
SCI Name: Xiphocolaptes major castaneus
castaneum / castaneus
L. castaneus  chestnut-coloured  < castanea  chestnut  < Gr. καστανον kastanon  chestnut.
● ex “Carouge de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 343 (syn. Icterus spurius).

Great Rufous Woodcreeper (remoratus)
SCI Name: Xiphocolaptes major remoratus
remoratus
L. remoratus lingering, delayed, hindering < remorari to linger.

Great Rufous Woodcreeper (major)
SCI Name: Xiphocolaptes major major
major
L. maior, maioris  greater, larger  < comp. magnus  great, large, powerful.
● ex “Poule d’eau de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 352; “Even if [Statius Müller, 1776] ...should some day be repudiated by ornithologists on account of his carelessness and his apparent colour-blindness, then the proper name of the species would be Aramides major (Boddaert), founded on Daubenton’s plate” (Sharpe 1894) (syn. Aramides cajanea).
● ex “Grand Corbeau” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 51 (unident.;?Corvus sp.).
● ex “Crotophagus major” of Brisson 1760, “Grand bout de Petun” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 102, fig. 1, “Ani des palétuviers” of Salerne 1767, and “Greater Ani” of Latham 1781 (Crotophaga).
● 54. PICUS.  ...  major.  10. P. albo nigroque varius, ano occipiteque rubro.  Picus albo nigroque varius, rectricibus tribus lateralibus utrinque albescentibus. Fn. svec. 81.  Picus varius major. Ges. av. 708. Aldr. ornith. l. 12. c. 32. Will. orn. 94. t. 21. Raj. av. 43. Alb. av. I. p. 19. t. 19. Frisch. av. . . t. 36. f. 1.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Dendrocopos).
● ex “Grande Egrette d’Amérique” of d’Aubenton, 1765-1781, pl. 925 (syn. Egretta garzetta).
● ex “Scolopax media” of Frisch 1733-1763, “Great Snipe” of Pennant 1768, and Latham 1785 (syn. Gallinago media).
● ex “Grand Indicateur, mâle” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 241, fig. 1 (syn. Indicator indicator).
● ex “Pie-grièche Blanchot” of Levaillant 1810, pl. 285 (syn. Malaconotus blanchoti).
● ex “An other sort of Loggerhead” of Sloane 1707-1725, “Sitta” or “Picus cinereus major, rostro curvo” of Ray 1713, “Grand Sittelle à bec crochu” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Great Nuthatch” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Myiarchus validus).
● ex “Parus major” of Gessner 1555, Belon 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Fringillago”, “Great Titmouse” or “Ox Eye” of Ray 1713, and Albin 1731, and “Parus capite nigro, temporibus albis, nucha luteis” of Linnaeus 1746 (Parus).
ex “Grèbe de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 404, fig. 1, and “Grand Grèbe” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (Podiceps).
● ex “Barbican des côtes de Barbarie” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 602 (syn. Pogonornis dubius).
● ex “Grande Quiscale” of Vieillot 1819 (Quiscalus).
● ex “Tangara des grands bois de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 205 (syn. Saltator maximus).
● ex “Batara mayor” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 211 (Taraba).
● ex “Macucagua” of Marcgrave 1648, Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, “Perdix brasiliensis” of Brisson 1760, and “Magoua” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Tinamus).
● ex “Trepadore grande” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 241 (Xiphocolaptes).

Great Rufous Woodcreeper (estebani)
SCI Name: Xiphocolaptes major estebani
estebani
Dr Juan Gerónimo Esteban (b. 1920) Argentinian zoologist (subsp. Tarphonomus certhioides, subsp. Xiphocolaptes major).