Plum-headed Parakeet / Psittacula cyanocephala

Plum-headed Parakeet / Psittacula cyanocephala

Plum-headed Parakeet

SCI Name:  Psittacula cyanocephala
Protonym:  Psittacus cyanocephalus Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.141
Taxonomy:  Psittaciformes / Psittaculidae /
Taxonomy Code:  plhpar1
Type Locality:  East Indies = Gingi.
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  


(Psittacidae; Ϯ Red-breasted Parakeet P. alexandri) Mod. L. psittacula  little parrot, parakeet  < dim. L. psittacus  parrot  < Gr. ψιττακος psittakos  parrot; "Perruches ...... Psittacula." (Cuvier 1800); "As an item of importance to extra-limital workers, I might notice that Opinion No. 39 legitimatises Cuvier's Psittacula, and this is quite different to the genus now so called and is antecedent to Palæornis. Thus Psittacula Cuvier was provided for Les Perruches, and as examples in the Leçons are cited P. alexandri and P. rufirostris. These, as understood by Cuvier, were congeneric and are typical Palæornis of Vigors. I have already indicated that Conurus Kuhl was typified by Lesson by Palæornis and should displace it. At the present time Psittacula Cuvier will replace Conurus, while Palæornis must altogether disappear.  Apparently for the South American Parrots now termed Psittacula, Boie's genus name Forpus will come into use" (Mathews 1917).
Var. Petacula.
Synon. Alexandrinus, Belocercus, Belurus, Himalayapsitta, Nicopsitta, Palaeornis, Sagittifer.
● (syn. Agapornis Ϯ Grey-headed Lovebird A. canus) "2. Perruche a teste Grise, BUFF. XI. p. 240.  Psittacula Madagascariensis, BRISS. Ornith. IV. p. 394. pl. XXX. 2.  LINN. Gen. o.  grey headed Parrakeet. LATH. birds I. p. 315. n. 122" (Boddaert 1783).
● (syn. Brotogeris Ϯ Plain Parakeet B. tirica) "LA PETITE PERRUCHE DU BRÉSIL.  ...  PSITTACULA BRASILIENSIS" (Brisson 1760); based on "Tui tirica" of de Laët 1633, Marcgrave 1648, Willughby 1676 and Ray 1713.
● (syn. Cyclorrhynchus Ϯ Parakeet Auklet C. psittacula) Specific name Alca psittacula Pallas, 1769; "Tablica L.  ...  {poteżnie ściśniony  {z gòry i z dołu wypukły, w pół háczykowaty.  3. Staryk.  Psittacula.   ...   RODZÀY III. (193.)   STARYK.  .PSITTACULA.   Parkittaucher, Niem.   ...   Dobrze rozróżnionych náleży do tego rodzaiu trzy gatunki (Alca Psittacula, Alca cristalla i Alca tetracula. GL.)" (Jarocki 1821) (Laurent Raty in litt.).
● (syn. Forpus Ϯ Green-rumped Parrotlet F. passerinus) "PSITTACULA.  Psittacula*,  Cuv., fide Ill. Prodr. Mamm. et Av. p. 200 (1811); Kuhl, Consp. Psitt. p. 8 (1820). . . .Type P. passerina.  ...  *Psittacula is often attributed to Brisson, who, however, did not use it generically" (Salvadori 1891).

Mod. L. psittacula  little parrot, parakeet  < dim. L. psittacus  parrot  < Gr. ψιττακος psittakos  parrot (cf. < dim. genus Psittacus Linnaeus, 1758, parrot).

cyanocephala / cyanocephalum
Gr. κυανος kuanos  dark-blue; -κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.
● ex “Soui-manga à tête bleue” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (subsp. Cyanomitra verticalis).
● ex “Lindo azul y oro cabeza celeste” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 98 (Cyanophonia).
● ex “Sylvia viridis” (= ♀) of Brisson 1760, “Pitpit vert” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Blue-headed Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Dacnis cayana).
● ex “Psittaca cyanocephalos” of Brisson 1760 (Psittacula).
● ex "Tangara varié à tête bleue de Cayenne" of d'Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 33, fig. 2 (Sporathraupis).
● ex “Turtle-Dove from Jamaica. Turtur jamaicensis” of Albin 1738 (Starnoenas).
● ex “Flauta del sol” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 356 (syn. Syrigma sibilatrix).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à tête bleuâtre de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Blue-headed Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (unident.).