Greater Yellowlegs / Tringa melanoleuca

Greater Yellowlegs / Tringa melanoleuca

Greater Yellowlegs

SCI Name:  Tringa melanoleuca
Protonym:  Scolopax melanoleuca Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.659
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  greyel
Type Locality:  Sandy shores of Labrador = Chateau Bay, Labrador.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TRINGA
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Green Sandpiper T. ochropus) Late Med. L. tringa name given to the Green Sandpiper by Aldrovandus 1599 < Gr. τρυγγας trungas thrush-sized, white-rumped wading bird that bobs its tail, mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified, but taken by later authors to be a sandpiper, wagtail, or dipper; "78. TRINGA.  Rostrum teretiusculum, longitudine capitis.  Pedes tetradactyli: postico uniarticulato a terra elevato." (Linnaeus 1758); "Tringa Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 148. Type, by tautonymy, Tringa ocrophus Linné (Tringa, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 264). Linnaeus's Tringa comprised thirteen species (T. Pugnax, T. Vanellus, T. Gambetta, T. Interpres, T. tobata, T. Fulicaria, T. alpina, T. Ocrophus, T. Hypoleucos, T. Canutus, T. Glareola, T. littorea, T. Squatarola).  
Var. Trunga, Trynga, Tryngas, Tringra, Trinca, Frinca, Fringa.
Synon. Aegialodes, Carites, Catoptrophorus, Erythroscelus, Gambetta, Glottis, Helodromas, Heteractitis, Heteroscelus, Hodites, Iliornis, Limicula, Nea, Neoglottis, Ochropus, Pseudoglottis, Pseudototanus, Rhyacophilus, Totanus.
● (syn. Calidris Ϯ Red Knot C. canutus) “Type by subsequent designation of Gray (List Gen. Bds. 1st ed. 1840, p. 69): T. canutus Linn. If the method of Linnean tautonymy be followed, the type of the genus must be ... Tringa ochropus Linn.” (BOU 1915).
● (syn. Vanellus Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) "GENUS 115. TRINGA Lin. Cuv. Lath. Dumer.  Vanellus Briss. Bechst. Meyer.  Parra LaCépède. (Kibitz Germ. Vanneau Gall. Lapwing Angl.)  ...  Species: Tringa Vanellus, varia Lin.  Parra Cayennensis Lin Gmel.  Observat: Tota avis, praesertim secundum rostrum, ita similis est Charadriis, ut, demto halluce, discrimen vix restet. Caeterum observo, Tringae characteres a Linnaeo enumeratos, cum solis Vanellis Auctorum quadrare, nec cum Actitibus, quas cum illis confuderat. Nomen Tringae hanc ob caussam Vanellis servandum erat" (Illiger 1811).

melanoleuca / melanoleucos / melanoleucus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white.
● ex "Buff-crested Woodpecker" of Latham 1782 (Campephilus).
● ex “Águila obscura y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 8 (Geranoaetus).
● “As Columba picata Latham 1801, was regularly used as valid in the 20th century, this precludes invoking the principle of reverse of precedence (ICZN 1999: 23.9.1.1, 23.9.1.2)” (McAllan 2007) (syn. Leucosarcia picata).
● ex “Esparvero negriblanco” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 28 (syn. Micrastur semitorquatus).
● ex “Plus petit Barbu à poitrine noir de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 688, fig. 2, “Plus petit Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Lesser Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (syn. Notharchus tectus).
● ex “Coucou huppé de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 872, “Jacobin huppé de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Coromandel Crested Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Oxylophus jacobinus).
● ex “Chipiu negro y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 144 (Poospiza).
● ex “Stone Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Tringa).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (Sylvia artefact).

Melanoleuca
(syn. Pica Ϯ Common Magpie P. pica) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white; "Melanoleuca pica, Magpie." (Morris 1837) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz).