Spotted Redshank / Tringa erythropus

Spotted Redshank / Tringa erythropus

Spotted Redshank

SCI Name:  Tringa erythropus
Protonym:  Scolopax erythropus Cat.Ois.[Vroeg]Adumbr. p.6 no.306
Taxonomy:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  spored
Type Locality:  Holland.
Publish Year:  1764
IUCN Status:  


(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Green Sandpiper T. ochropus) Late Med. L. tringa name given to the Green Sandpiper by Aldrovandus 1599 < Gr. τρυγγας trungas thrush-sized, white-rumped wading bird that bobs its tail, mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified, but taken by later authors to be a sandpiper, wagtail, or dipper; "78. TRINGA.  Rostrum teretiusculum, longitudine capitis.  Pedes tetradactyli: postico uniarticulato a terra elevato." (Linnaeus 1758); "Tringa Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 148. Type, by tautonymy, Tringa ocrophus Linné (Tringa, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 264). Linnaeus's Tringa comprised thirteen species (T. Pugnax, T. Vanellus, T. Gambetta, T. Interpres, T. tobata, T. Fulicaria, T. alpina, T. Ocrophus, T. Hypoleucos, T. Canutus, T. Glareola, T. littorea, T. Squatarola).  
Var. Trunga, Trynga, Tryngas, Tringra, Trinca, Frinca, Fringa.
Synon. Aegialodes, Carites, Catoptrophorus, Erythroscelus, Gambetta, Glottis, Helodromas, Heteractitis, Heteroscelus, Hodites, Iliornis, Limicula, Nea, Neoglottis, Ochropus, Pseudoglottis, Pseudototanus, Rhyacophilus, Totanus.
● (syn. Calidris Ϯ Red Knot C. canutus) “Type by subsequent designation of Gray (List Gen. Bds. 1st ed. 1840, p. 69): T. canutus Linn. If the method of Linnean tautonymy be followed, the type of the genus must be ... Tringa ochropus Linn.” (BOU 1915).
● (syn. Vanellus Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) "GENUS 115. TRINGA Lin. Cuv. Lath. Dumer.  Vanellus Briss. Bechst. Meyer.  Parra LaCépède. (Kibitz Germ. Vanneau Gall. Lapwing Angl.)  ...  Species: Tringa Vanellus, varia Lin.  Parra Cayennensis Lin Gmel.  Observat: Tota avis, praesertim secundum rostrum, ita similis est Charadriis, ut, demto halluce, discrimen vix restet. Caeterum observo, Tringae characteres a Linnaeo enumeratos, cum solis Vanellis Auctorum quadrare, nec cum Actitibus, quas cum illis confuderat. Nomen Tringae hanc ob caussam Vanellis servandum erat" (Illiger 1811).

Gr. ερυθροπους eruthropous, ερυθροποδος eruthropodos  red-footed  < ερυθρος eruthros  red; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.
● "61. ANAS.  ...  erythropus.  8. A. cinerea, fronte alba. Fn. svec. 92.  Anser helsingicus. Clus. exot. 368.  Habitat in Europa septentrionali." (Linnaeus 1758); “Hartert [et al., 1912] ...uses the name Anser finmarchicus Gunnerus, 1767, for the Lesser White-fronted Goose, as he states that Anas erythropus, Linn., 1758, is not determinable; recently Lönnberg (Ibis, 1913, p. 400) has given very good reasons for fixing Linnaeus’ name on the Lesser White-fronted Goose, which breeds in northern Sweden, while the larger form, Anser albifrons, never does so” (BOU 1915) (Anser).
● ex “Ardea haematopus” or “Cirris” of Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, “Cancrophagus rufus” of Brisson 1760, “Crabier roux marron” of de Buffon 1770-1784, and “Red-legged Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ardeola ralloides).
● ex “Red-legged Gull” of Pennant 1785, and “Brown-headed Gull” of Latham 1785 (syn. Chroicocephalus ridibundus).
● ex “White-backed Coly” of Latham 1783 (syn. Colius colius).

Gr. ερυθροπους eruthropous, ερυθροποδος eruthropodos  red-footed   < ερυθρος eruthros  red; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.
• (Phasianidae; syn. Alectoris  Red-legged Partridge A. rufa) "So, also, on the Continent, the common red-legged partridge (Erythropus vulgaris) is the colour of the gravelly and sandy soils on which it is found" (Blyth 1835); "Two of the Redfoot, (Erythropus Gallicus), or Red Partridge of ordinary parlance, occupy the next plate, and are well figured" (Blyth 1836); "Erythropus Blyth, 1835, in Loudon (ed.), Mag. Nat. Hist and Journ. Zool, VIII, (art. IV), p. 51.  Type, by monotypy, Erythropus vulgaris Blyth, 1835 = Tetrao rufus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
• (Falconidae; syn. Falco  Red-footed Falcon F. vespertinus) "XIII. G.  Rothfußfalke, Erythropus Br.   Der blaugraue Rothfußfalke, E. vespertinus Br." (Brehm 1828); "Erythropus Brehm, Isis, 1828, col. 1270.  Type, by monotypy, E. vespertinus Br. = Falco vespertinus Linn." (W. Sclater, 1924, Syst. Av. Aethiop., I, p. 52).