Hawaiian Goose / Branta sandvicensis

Hawaiian Goose / Branta sandvicensis

Hawaiian Goose

SCI Name:  Branta sandvicensis
Protonym:  Anser sandvicensis Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt2 no.17 p.43
Taxonomy:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  hawgoo
Type Locality:  Hawaiian Islands.
Publish Year:  1834
IUCN Status:  


(Anatidae; Ϯ Brent Goose B. bernicla) Late Med. L. branta and brendina  brent goose  < Old Norse Brandgás  burnt (-black) goose. The name was shortened and Latinized into its present form by Turner 1544. There is no connection with Gr. βρενθος brenthos an unidentified waterbird. "BRANTA.  KLEIN. SYST. AV.  Tab. XXXIV.  Rostrum attenuatum. Digitus posticus terminatus ungue valido, tereti, membrana subtus alato.   84. BRANTA BERNICLA.  ...  85. BRANTA MOSCHATA.  ...  86. BRANTA TORRIDA.  ...  87. BRANTA ALBIFRONS." (Scopoli 1769); "Branta Scopoli, Annus I, Hist. Nat., 1769, p. 67. Type, by subsequent designation, Anas bernicla Linné. (Bannister, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1870, p. 131.)" (Peters 1931, I, 149).   
Var. Brante.   
Synon. Bernicla, Brenthus, Eubranta, Geochen, Leucoblepharon, Leucopareia, Nesochen, Ptocas, Rufibrenta.
● (Anatidaesyn. Netta Red-crested Pochard N. rufina) "153  Gattung.  Branta.   389.  rufina." (Boie 1822); "The genus Brante [sic] was adopted from Klein by Scopoli in 1769, the first species being Anas bernicla, L.  This, according to usage, will have to be substituted for Bernicla of Boie (Isis, 1822), and also antedates his genus Branta, established at the same time, the type of which is Anas rufina, Pall." (Bannister 1870); "Branta Boie, 1822, Isis von Oken, Heft V, col. 564 (not Branta Scopoli, 1769).  Type, by monotypy, Branta rufina = Anas rufina Pallas, 1773." (JAJ 2020).

sandvicensis / sandvichensis / sandwichensis
● Sandwich I. (= Faté = Efaté), New Hebrides (subsp. Chalcophaps longirostris).
Sandwich Is. (= Hawaiian Is.) (named after John Montagu 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792) First Lord of the Admiralty 1771-1782); ex “Sandwich Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (Chasiempis).
● Sandwich Is. (= Hawaiian Is.); ex “Sandwich Thrush” (= ☼) of Latham 1783 (syn. Chasiempis sandwichensis).
● Unalaska I. and Sandwich Sound, Alaska (cf. “Named after Sandwich Island, one of the Kurile or Aleutian Archipelago” (Coues 1882)); ex “Unalaska Bunting” of Pennant 1785, and “Sandwich Bunting” of Latham 1785 (Passerculus).
● Sandwich, Kent, England; ex “Sandwich Tern” of Latham 1785 (Thalasseus).
● Sandwich Is. (= Hawaiian Is.); ex "Sandwich Rail" of Latham 1785 (‡Zapornia).