Canada Goose / Branta canadensis

Canada Goose / Branta canadensis

Canada Goose

SCI Name:  Branta canadensis
Protonym:  Anas canadensis Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123
Category:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  cangoo
Type Locality:  Canada; City of Quebec suggested by Todd, 1938, Auk, 55, p. 661.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

BRANTA
(Anatidae; Ϯ Brent Goose B. bernicla) Late Med. L. branta and brendina  brent goose  < Old Norse Brandgás  burnt (-black) goose. The name was shortened and Latinized into its present form by Turner 1544. There is no connection with Gr. βρενθος brenthos an unidentified waterbird. "BRANTA.  KLEIN. SYST. AV.  Tab. XXXIV.  Rostrum attenuatum. Digitus posticus terminatus ungue valido, tereti, membrana subtus alato.   84. BRANTA BERNICLA.  ...  85. BRANTA MOSCHATA.  ...  86. BRANTA TORRIDA.  ...  87. BRANTA ALBIFRONS." (Scopoli 1769); "Branta Scopoli, Annus I, Hist. Nat., 1769, p. 67. Type, by subsequent designation, Anas bernicla Linné. (Bannister, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1870, p. 131.)" (Peters 1931, I, 149).   
Var. Brante.   
Synon. Bernicla, Brenthus, Eubranta, Geochen, Leucoblepharon, Leucopareia, Nesochen, Ptocas, Rufibrenta.
● (Anatidaesyn. Netta Red-crested Pochard N. rufina) "153  Gattung.  Branta.   389.  rufina." (Boie 1822); "The genus Brante [sic] was adopted from Klein by Scopoli in 1769, the first species being Anas bernicla, L.  This, according to usage, will have to be substituted for Bernicla of Boie (Isis, 1822), and also antedates his genus Branta, established at the same time, the type of which is Anas rufina, Pall." (Bannister 1870); "Branta Boie, 1822, Isis von Oken, Heft V, col. 564 (not Branta Scopoli, 1769).  Type, by monotypy, Branta rufina = Anas rufina Pallas, 1773." (JAJ 2020).

canadensis
Canada (taxa from Hudson Bay or Hudson’s Bay were also given this toponym)  < Iroquoian kanata  settlement.
● "76. ARDEA.  ...  canadensis.  3. A. sincipite nudo papilloso, corpore cinereo, alis extus testaceis.  Grus fusca canadensis. Edw. av. 133. t. 133.  Habitat in America septentrionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Antigone).
● "41. FALCO.  ...  canadensis.  4. [F.] cera flava pedibusque lanatis, corpore fusco, cauda alba apice fusco.  Aquila cauda alba. Edw. av. I. t. 1.  Habitat in Canada.  Pectus punctis trigonis adspersum." (Linnaeus 1758). This is the tenth name and first toponym in avian nomenclature (subsp. Aquila chrysaetos).
● "61  ANAS.  ...  canadensis.  9. A. fusca, capite colloque nigro, gula alba.  Anser canadensis. Will. ornith. 276. t. 70. f. 1. & t. 71. f. 3. Raj. av. 130. t. 10. Catesb. car. I. p. 92. t. 92. Edw. av. 151. t. 151.  Habitat in Canada." (Linnaeus 1758) (Branta).
● "91. TETRAO.  ...  canadensis.  3. T. pedibus hirsutis, rectricibus nigris apice fulvis, lituris duabus albis ad oculos.  Urogallus maculatus canadensis. Edw. av. 118. t. 118. mas. & 71. t. 71. feminaHabitat in Canada." (Linnaeus 1758) (Canachites).
● "113. MUSCICAPA.  ...  canadensis.  13. M. cinerea, subtus lutea, loris luteis, vertice nigro maculato.  Muscicapa canadensis cinerea. Briss. av. 2. p. 406. t. 39. f. 4.  Habitat in Canada." (Linnaeus 1766) (Cardellina).
● Erroneous TL. Canada (= Cayana = Cayenne); "109. LOXIA.  ...  canadensis.  29. L. viridi-olivacea, subtus flavo-olivacea, capistro nigro.  Coccothraustes canadensis. Briss. av. 3. p. 229. t. 11. f. 3.  Habitat in Canada." (Linnaeus 1766) (Caryothraustes).
● ex “Quauhtotopotli alter” of Hernandez 1651, “Picus varius canadensis” of Brisson 1760, “Pic du Canada” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 345, fig. 1, “Epeiche du Canada, première espèce” of de Buffon 17770-1783, and “Canada Spotted Woodpecker” of Latham 1782, and Pennant 1785 (syn. Dendrocopos villosus).
● "104. COLUMBA.  ...  canadensis.  30. C. remigibus primoribus apice flavicantibus, rectricibus subcinereis: extimis albis.  Columba: Turtur jamaicensis. Briss. av. 1. p. 118. n. 21.  Habitat in Canada.  Rostrum fuscumPedes rubri." (Linnaeus 1766) (syn. Ectopistes migratorius).
● "50. CORVUS.  ...  canadensis.  16. C. fuscus, fronte flavicante, subtus rectricumque apicibus albidus.  Garrulus canadensis fuscus. Briss. av. 2. p. 54. t. 4. f. 2.  Habitat in Canada.  Cauda rotundata." (Linnaeus 1766) (Perisoreus).
● ex "Gros-bec de Canada" of Brisson 1760 (syn. Pinicola enucleator leucura).
● Erroneous TL. Canada (= Cayana = Cayenne); "44. LANIUS.  ...  canadensis.  4. L. cauda cuneiformi, capite cristato, corpore rufescente, subtus albido.  Lanius canadensis. Briss. av. 2. p. 171. t. 18. f. 3.  Habitat in Canada.  Remiges Rectricesque nigricantes marginibus albis." (Linnaeus 1766) (Sakesphorus).
● ex "Figuier de Canada" of d'Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 58, fig. 2 (syn. Setophaga aestiva).
● "114. MOTACILLA.  ...  canadensis.  42. M. supra cærulea subtus alba, jugulo remigibus rectricibusque nigris.  Ficedula canadensis cinerea major. Briss. av. 3. p. 527. t. 27. f. 6. Edw. av. 5. t. 252. f. 1.  Habitat in America septentrionali.  Remiges primores basi albæ, unde macula alarum.  Rectrices 1, 2, 3 basi apiceque albæ; 4, 5 apice albæ." (Linnaeus 1766) (syn. Setophaga caerulescens).
● "114. MOTACILLA.  ...  canadensis.  27. M. cinerascens, subtus alba, vertice fasciaque abdominali lutea, pectore fusco maculato.  Ficedula canadensis cinerea. Briss. av. 3. p. 524. t. 27. f. 1.  Habitat in Canada.  Fascia alarum duplex alba." (Linnaeus 1766) (syn. Setophaga coronata).
● "60. SITTA.  ...  canadensis.  2. S. superciliis albis.  Sitta canadensis. Briss. av. 3. p. 593. t. 29. f. 4.  Habitat in Canada.  Affinis multum S. europææ." (Linnaeus 1766) (Sitta). 
● ex “Merle de Canada” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Turdus migratorius).
● ex “Moineau du Canada” of Brisson 1760, and d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 223, fig. 2, and “Soulciet” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (?syn. Zonotrichia leucophrys).

SUBSPECIES

Canada Goose (moffitti/maxima)
SCI Name: Branta canadensis moffitti/maxima
BRANTA
(Anatidae; Ϯ Brent Goose B. bernicla) Late Med. L. branta and brendina  brent goose  < Old Norse Brandgás  burnt (-black) goose. The name was shortened and Latinized into its present form by Turner 1544. There is no connection with Gr. βρενθος brenthos an unidentified waterbird. "BRANTA.  KLEIN. SYST. AV.  Tab. XXXIV.  Rostrum attenuatum. Digitus posticus terminatus ungue valido, tereti, membrana subtus alato.   84. BRANTA BERNICLA.  ...  85. BRANTA MOSCHATA.  ...  86. BRANTA TORRIDA.  ...  87. BRANTA ALBIFRONS." (Scopoli 1769); "Branta Scopoli, Annus I, Hist. Nat., 1769, p. 67. Type, by subsequent designation, Anas bernicla Linné. (Bannister, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1870, p. 131.)" (Peters 1931, I, 149).   
Var. Brante.   
Synon. Bernicla, Brenthus, Eubranta, Geochen, Leucoblepharon, Leucopareia, Nesochen, Ptocas, Rufibrenta.
● (Anatidaesyn. Netta Red-crested Pochard N. rufina) "153  Gattung.  Branta.   389.  rufina." (Boie 1822); "The genus Brante [sic] was adopted from Klein by Scopoli in 1769, the first species being Anas bernicla, L.  This, according to usage, will have to be substituted for Bernicla of Boie (Isis, 1822), and also antedates his genus Branta, established at the same time, the type of which is Anas rufina, Pall." (Bannister 1870); "Branta Boie, 1822, Isis von Oken, Heft V, col. 564 (not Branta Scopoli, 1769).  Type, by monotypy, Branta rufina = Anas rufina Pallas, 1773." (JAJ 2020).

Canada Goose (occidentalis/fulva)
SCI Name: Branta canadensis occidentalis/fulva
BRANTA
(Anatidae; Ϯ Brent Goose B. bernicla) Late Med. L. branta and brendina  brent goose  < Old Norse Brandgás  burnt (-black) goose. The name was shortened and Latinized into its present form by Turner 1544. There is no connection with Gr. βρενθος brenthos an unidentified waterbird. "BRANTA.  KLEIN. SYST. AV.  Tab. XXXIV.  Rostrum attenuatum. Digitus posticus terminatus ungue valido, tereti, membrana subtus alato.   84. BRANTA BERNICLA.  ...  85. BRANTA MOSCHATA.  ...  86. BRANTA TORRIDA.  ...  87. BRANTA ALBIFRONS." (Scopoli 1769); "Branta Scopoli, Annus I, Hist. Nat., 1769, p. 67. Type, by subsequent designation, Anas bernicla Linné. (Bannister, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1870, p. 131.)" (Peters 1931, I, 149).   
Var. Brante.   
Synon. Bernicla, Brenthus, Eubranta, Geochen, Leucoblepharon, Leucopareia, Nesochen, Ptocas, Rufibrenta.
● (Anatidaesyn. Netta Red-crested Pochard N. rufina) "153  Gattung.  Branta.   389.  rufina." (Boie 1822); "The genus Brante [sic] was adopted from Klein by Scopoli in 1769, the first species being Anas bernicla, L.  This, according to usage, will have to be substituted for Bernicla of Boie (Isis, 1822), and also antedates his genus Branta, established at the same time, the type of which is Anas rufina, Pall." (Bannister 1870); "Branta Boie, 1822, Isis von Oken, Heft V, col. 564 (not Branta Scopoli, 1769).  Type, by monotypy, Branta rufina = Anas rufina Pallas, 1773." (JAJ 2020).

Canada Goose (canadensis Group)
SCI Name: Branta canadensis [canadensis Group]
BRANTA
(Anatidae; Ϯ Brent Goose B. bernicla) Late Med. L. branta and brendina  brent goose  < Old Norse Brandgás  burnt (-black) goose. The name was shortened and Latinized into its present form by Turner 1544. There is no connection with Gr. βρενθος brenthos an unidentified waterbird. "BRANTA.  KLEIN. SYST. AV.  Tab. XXXIV.  Rostrum attenuatum. Digitus posticus terminatus ungue valido, tereti, membrana subtus alato.   84. BRANTA BERNICLA.  ...  85. BRANTA MOSCHATA.  ...  86. BRANTA TORRIDA.  ...  87. BRANTA ALBIFRONS." (Scopoli 1769); "Branta Scopoli, Annus I, Hist. Nat., 1769, p. 67. Type, by subsequent designation, Anas bernicla Linné. (Bannister, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1870, p. 131.)" (Peters 1931, I, 149).   
Var. Brante.   
Synon. Bernicla, Brenthus, Eubranta, Geochen, Leucoblepharon, Leucopareia, Nesochen, Ptocas, Rufibrenta.
● (Anatidaesyn. Netta Red-crested Pochard N. rufina) "153  Gattung.  Branta.   389.  rufina." (Boie 1822); "The genus Brante [sic] was adopted from Klein by Scopoli in 1769, the first species being Anas bernicla, L.  This, according to usage, will have to be substituted for Bernicla of Boie (Isis, 1822), and also antedates his genus Branta, established at the same time, the type of which is Anas rufina, Pall." (Bannister 1870); "Branta Boie, 1822, Isis von Oken, Heft V, col. 564 (not Branta Scopoli, 1769).  Type, by monotypy, Branta rufina = Anas rufina Pallas, 1773." (JAJ 2020).