Golden-naped Woodpecker / Melanerpes chrysauchen

Golden-naped Woodpecker / Melanerpes chrysauchen

Golden-naped Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Melanerpes chrysauchen
Protonym:  Melanerpes chrysauchen Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt2 p.213
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gonwoo1
Type Locality:  Bogaba [Chiriqui], Panama.
Publish Year:  1870
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

chrysauchen / chrysauchenia
Gr. χρυσος khrusos  gold; αυχην aukhēn, αυχενος aukhenos  neck.