Acorn Woodpecker / Melanerpes formicivorus

Acorn Woodpecker / Melanerpes formicivorus

Acorn Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Melanerpes formicivorus
Protonym:  Picus formicivorus Philos.Mag.n.s. n.s., 1 p.439
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  acowoo
Type Locality:  Temiscaltepec, Mexico.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1827
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

MELANERPES
(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

formicivorus
L. formica  ant; -vorus  -eating  < vorare  to devour.
● ex “Fourmilier de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 700, fig. 1, and “Ant Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Myrmornis torquata).

Formicivorus
(Thamnophilidae; syn. Myrmornis Wing-banded Antbird M. torquata) Specific name Turdus formicivorus J. Gmelin, 1789 (= syn. Myrmornis torquata); "GENUS FORMICIVORUS.  GENRE FOURMILIER.    FORMICIVORUS TINIENS. Mihi — Turdus Tiniens Gmel.   ...   FORMICIVORUS COLMA. Mihi — Turdus Colma Gmel.   ...   FORMICIVORUS BAMBLA. Mihi — Turdus Bambla Gmel.   ...   FORMICIVORUS CINNAMOMEUS. Mihi — Turdus Cinnamomeus Gmel.   ...   FORMICIVORUS CANTANS. Mihi — Turdus Cantans Gmel.   ...   FORMICIVORUS CAYANURUS. Mihi — Turdus Cayanurus (Mas et Femina) Gmel.  ...  FORMICIVORUS PECTORALIS. Mihi —  Turdus Pectoralis Lath.   ...   FORMICIVORUS PALIKOUR Mihi —  Turdus Formicivorus Gmel." (Temminck 1807); "Formicivorus Temminck, 1807, Cat. Syst. Cabinet d'Ornithologie, p. 92.  Type, by tautonymy, Formicivorus palikour Temminck, 1807 = Turdus formicivorus Gmelin, 1789 = Formicarius torquatus Boddaert, 1783." (JAJ 2021).

SUBSPECIES

Acorn Woodpecker (Acorn)
SCI Name: Melanerpes formicivorus [formicivorus Group]
MELANERPES
(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

Acorn Woodpecker (Narrow-fronted)
SCI Name: Melanerpes formicivorus angustifrons
angustifrons
L. angustus  narrow, small; frons, frontis  forehead, brow.