Hispaniolan Spindalis / Spindalis dominicensis

Hispaniolan Spindalis / Spindalis dominicensis

Hispaniolan Spindalis

SCI Name:  Spindalis dominicensis
Protonym:  Tanagra dominicensis Proc.BostonSoc.Nat.Hist. 11(1866) p.92
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Spindalidae /
Taxonomy Code:  hisspi
Type Locality:  San Domingo ; type from Portau-Prince, Haiti, fide Bangs, 1930, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 70, pp. 405-406.
Publish Year:  1867
IUCN Status:  


(Spindalidae; Ϯ Jamaican Spindalis S. nigricephala) Gr. σπινδαλος spindalos or πινδαλος pindalos  unknown Indian bird, variously identified but said to be akin to ατταγας attagas. These mainly Antillean birds were formerly known as stripe-headed tanagers; "GENUS SPINDALIS, JARD. & SELBY.   CHAR. GEN.—Rostrum subbreve, validum, ad basin trigonum, apice compresso, emarginato, culmine arcuato, tomiis subsinuatis, in medio rostri introrsum inclinantibus; naribus nudis, rotundatis. Alæ mediocres, subrotundæ, remige 1mo. 2do. brevioribus, 3tio. 4toque æqualibus, longissimis. Cauda mediocris, æqualis. Pedes breviusculi subfortes.    SPINDALIS BILINEATUS, JARD. & SELBY.  ....  from Jamaica,  in the interior and mountainous part of which island they were procured by our correspondent. Judging from the general characters the bird presents, it appears to belong to the Tanagrinæ or Tanagers (the sub-typical or dentirostral division of the Fringillidæ), a group inhabiting the islands and continent of America; but as it exhibits characters different from any of the established generic divisions belonging to this sub-family, we have thought it necessary to give its peculiar characters." (Jardine & Selby 1837); "Spindalis Jardine and Selby, 1837, Illus. Ornith., new ser., 4, pl. 9. Type, by monotypy, Spindalis bilineatus Jardine and Selby = Tanagra nigricephala Jameson." (Storer in Peters 1970, XIII, 316).
Var. Spindasis (genus Spinus Koch, 1816, siskin; Gr. δασος dasos  thicket).
Synon. Spizampelis.

dominicensis / dominicus
Santo Domingo or San Domingo (= Hispaniola), West Indies.
● Erroneous TL San Domingo (= Puerto Rico); ex “Perroquet de Saint-Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 792, “Papegai à bandeau rouge” of de Buffon 12770-1783, and “Red-banded Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Amazona vittata).
● ex “Colibry de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (Anthracothorax).
● ex “Alouette de mer de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Calidris melanotos).
● Erroneous TL. Santo Domingo (= South Africa) (syn. Caprimulgus pectoralis).
● ex “Tangara de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760, and “Tangara de Saint-Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 156, fig. 2 (Dulus).
● ex “Esmerillon de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760, and “St.-Domingo Falcon” of Latham 1781 (subsp. Falco sparverius).
● ex “Carouge de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (Icterus).
● Erroneous TL. San Domingo (= East Indies); “The oldest name for this bird is, no doubt, Turdus dominicus of P. L. S. Müller ...a gentleman who brought out an edition of Linnæus’s ‘Systema Naturae’ and included species published since 1766 ...It is a great question whether this author is entitled to recognition at the hands of ornithologists, as he was apparently colour-blind – witness his bestowing the name of viridis upon the rufous-and-grey Terpsiphone of South Africa, and castanea upon the totally black Philepitta jala of Madagascar! In the case of Lalage terat he has committed himself greatly, as he has not noticed the numbers of the figures on D’Aubenton’s plate [pl. 273], and has named the upper bird (“Merle des Indes orientales”) dominica, instead of the under figure, which represents a bird from San Domingo [“Merle de Saint-Domingue”]; to this he has given the name of indicus” (Sharpe 1879) (syn Lalage nigra).
● ex “Merle de Saint-Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Mimus polyglottos orpheus).
● ex “Chilcanauhtli” of Hernandez 1651, and “Querquedula dominicensis” or “Sarcelle de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (Nomonyx).
● ex “Hirondelle de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760, and “Hirondelle d’Amérique” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 545, fig. 1 (Progne).
● ex “Chouette” or “Grande Chevêche de St. Domingue” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Saint Domingo Owl” of Latham 1785 (syn. Speotyto cunicularia).
● Erroneous TL San Domingo (?= Jamaica); ex “Tourterelle de Saint-Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 487 (unident.; ?Starnoenas).
● ex "Grèbe de rivière de S. Domingue" of Brisson 1760 (Tachybaptus).
● ex “Tyran de Sainte Domingue” of Brisson 1760, and “Saint Domingo Tyrant” of Latham 1781 (Tyrannus).