Jamaican Mango / Anthracothorax mango

Jamaican Mango / Anthracothorax mango

Jamaican Mango

SCI Name:  Anthracothorax mango
Protonym:  Trochilus Mango Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.121
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  jamman1
Type Locality:  Jamaica.
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  


(Trochilidae; Ϯ Green-throated Mango A. viridigula) Gr. ανθραξ anthrax, ανθρακος anthrakos  coal, carbuncle (i.e. black); θωραξ thōrax, θωρακος thōrakos  chest; "Anthracothorax.  a. weder Holle noch Abzeichen.  b. untere Theile des Körpers sammetschwarz.  c. Schnabel lang und gebogen.  d. Schwanz kupferviolet und  e. abgerundet.    Arten.  1. Troch. mango.   2. — holosericeus Gm.   3. — violaceus Gm.   4. — gramineus Gm." (Boie 1831); "Anthracothorax Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 545. Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus violicauda Boddaert [♀] = Trochilus gramineus Gmelin [= Trochilus viridigula Boddaert [imm.♂]]. (Elliot, Classif. Syn. Trochil., 1879, p. 37.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 24).   
Var. Anthrocorax.   
Synon. Colubris, Endoxa, Floresia, Hypophania, Lampornis, Margarochrysis, Smaragdites.

This name could have been corrupted from a now lost local Jamaican name, 'Man God-bird,' for a large hummingbird (Björn Bergenholtz in litt.).  However, Olson & Levy 2013, have shown that Albin's 1731, "Mango Bird" was the Indian Golden Oriole Oriolus kundoo, but the name was given, by confusion, to the Jamaican Mango; "60. TROCHILUS.  ...  Mango.  16.  T. rectricibus subæqualibus ferrugineis, corpore testaceo, abdomine atro.  Mellivora Mango. Alb. av. 3. p. 45. t. 49. f. 2.  Habitat in Jamaica." (Linnaeus 1758) (Anthracothorax) (see kundoo).