Purple-throated Carib / Eulampis jugularis

Purple-throated Carib / Eulampis jugularis

Purple-throated Carib

SCI Name:  Eulampis jugularis
Protonym:  Trochilus jugularis Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.190
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  putcar1
Type Locality:  Cayenne, Surinam; error = Lesser Antilles.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

EULAMPIS
(Trochilidae; Purple-throated Carib E. jugularis) Gr. ευλαμπης eulampēs  bright shining  < ευ eu  beautiful; λαμπης lampēs  sun; "Eulampis.   a.Obere Theile sammetschwarz.  b.Brust und Kehle ohne Schiller.  c.Schnabel stark gebogen.  d.Keine Holle oder sonstige Abzeichen.  e.Schwanz abgerundet.   Arten. 1. Tr. violaceus Gm.   2. — jugularis Linn.   3. — auratus [Linn.]   4. — niger P. Max.    Diese der Gattung Polytmus nahe stehende Gruppe bildet übrigens den nächsten Uebergang zu den africanischen Cinnyris und Coereba Briss." (Boie 1831); "Eulampis Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 547.  Type, by subsequent designation, E. aurata (Audebert) i.e. Gmelin = Trochilus jugularis Linné. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 13.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 27).    
Var. Culampis.   
Synon. Chrysolampis, Sericotes.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Florisuga Black Jacobin F. fusca) "Boie (Isis, 1831, 547) gave four species under his genus Eulampis, as follows: 1. Tr. violaceus Gm., 2. - jugularis Linn., 3. - auratus -, 4. - niger P. Max.  Nos. 1 and 3 are synonyms of No. 2, and as that is already the type of Chrysolampis it leaves Trochilus niger P. Max. as the type of Eulampis Boie." (Riley, 1904, Auk, XXI (IV), p. 486).

jugularis
Med. L. jugularis  of the throat, -throated  < L. iugulum  throat.
● ex “Petit Perruche à gorge jaune d’Amérique” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 190, fig. 1 (Brotogeris).
● ex “Petit Grimpereau des Philippines” of Brisson 1760 (Cinnyris).
● ex “Red-breasted Humming Bird” of Edwards 1751, and “Polytmus cayanensis violaceus” of Brisson 1760 (Eulampis).
● ex “Merle à gorge noire de Saint-Domingue” (= ☼) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 559, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Icterus dominicensis).