King Penguin / Aptenodytes patagonicus

King Penguin / Aptenodytes patagonicus

King Penguin

SCI Name:  Aptenodytes patagonicus
Protonym:  Aptenodytes patagonica Icon.Anim. pt4 pl.23
Taxonomy:  Sphenisciformes / Spheniscidae /
Taxonomy Code:  kinpen1
Type Locality:  no locality; South Georgia designated by Mathews, 1911, Birds Australia, 1, p. 274.
Publish Year:  1778
IUCN Status:  


(Spheniscidae; Ϯ King Penguin A. patagonicus) Gr. απτην aptēn, απτηνος aptēnos  unwinged, wingless  < negative prefix α- a- ; πτηνος ptēnos  winged; δυτης dutēs  diver  < δυω duō  to plunge; "TABULA XXIII.   Fig. A.   APTENODYTES patagonica.   LIN. Syst. Nat.  Classis I.  Genus I.  Spec.   Habitat in Mari antarctico." (J. F. Miller 1778); "Aptenodytes J. F. Miller, Icon. Anim., 1778, pl. 23. Type, by monotypy, Aptenodytes patagonica Miller." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 29). 
Var. Apteniodytes, Aptenodita, Aptenodites, Aptenodyta, Apterodita, Apterodytes.
Synon. Eriornis, Pinguinaria.

patagonica / patagonicus
Patagonia, Argentina. When Magellan wintered on the coast of Patagonia in 1520 he traded with Amerindians, probably the Tehuelche who wore animal skins on their feet, whom he called Patagones big-footed, the name gradually attaching itself to the area.
● Antarctic Sea = South Georgia; ex “Patagonian Pinguin” of Pennant 1768 (Aptenodytes).
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Patagonian Warbler” of Latham 1783 (Cinclodes).