Lazuline Sabrewing / Campylopterus falcatus

Lazuline Sabrewing / Campylopterus falcatus

Lazuline Sabrewing

SCI Name:  Campylopterus falcatus
Protonym:  Trochilus falcatus Zool.Ill. 2 pl.83
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  lazsab1
Type Locality:  'Spanish Main'' = northern Venezuela.
Publish Year:  1821
IUCN Status:  


(Trochilidae; Ϯ Grey-breasted Sabrewing C. largipennis) Gr. καμπυλος kampulos  curved, bent  < καμπτω kamptō  to bend; -πτερος -pteros  
-winged  < πτερον pteron  wing (cf. specific name Trochilus campylopterus J. Gmelin, 1788 (= syn. Campylopterus largipennis)); "CAMPYLOPTERUS.  Rostrum longiusculum, sub-arcuatumAlæ falcatæ; remigum primarum scapis dilatato-compressisCauda rotundata, vel gradata.    Types. 1. T. latipennis.  2. falcatus. Sw., Zool. Ill.  ... Wings falcated, the shafts or scapes of the primary quills dilated and compressed." (Swainson 1827); "Campylopterus Swainson, Zool. Journ., 3, 1827, p. 358. Type, by subsequent designation, C. latipennis (Lath.) = Trochilus largipennis Boddaert. (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 13.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 18).
Var. Campilopterus.
Synon. Bombornis, Loxopterus, Pampa, Phaeochroa, Platystylopterus, Saepiopterus, Sphenoproctus.

Gr. καμπυλος kampulos  curved, bent  < καμπτω kamptō  to bend; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Oiseau-mouche à larges tuyaux de Cayenne” of d’Aubenon 1765-1781, pl. 672, fig. 2, “Oiseau-mouche à larges tuyaux” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Broad-shafted Humming-bird” of Latham 1783 (syn. Campylopterus largipennis).

falcatum / falcatus
L. falcatus  sickle-shaped  < falx, falcis  sickle.
• "TROCHILUS falcatus,  Sickle-winged Humming Bird.   ...  Green; throat and breast shining blue; body and vent blue green; tail even, rufous cinnamon; exterior quills falcated, the shafts dilated and compressed.   NOTHING can exceed the dazzling brilliancy of colours united in this little creature.  It is, however, more remarkable from the extraordinary constructionof its wings, the outer quills of which are greatly curved, and the shafts dilated to a most disproportionate size" (Swainson 1821) (Campylopterus).
• "65. CERTHIA.   ...   falcata.  30. C. viridis, subtus caudaque violaceo, remigibus abdomine et crisso pallide fuscis.   Sickle-billed Creeper.  Lath. syn. I. 2. p. 705. n. 6.   Longitudo 5½ pollicum; rostrum obscurum, falcatum; capitis nitor violaceus; tectrices alarum majores pedesque pallide fusca; ungues nigri," (J. Gmelin 1788) (syn. Cinnyris lotenius).