Least Pauraque / Siphonorhis brewsteri

Least Pauraque / Siphonorhis brewsteri

Least Pauraque

SCI Name:  Siphonorhis brewsteri
Protonym:  Microsiphonorhis brewsteri Bull.Am.Mus.Nat.Hist. 37 p.329
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae /
Taxonomy Code:  leapau1
Type Locality:  Tubano, Province of Azua, Dominican Republic.
Publish Year:  1917
IUCN Status:  


(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ Jamaican Pauraque S. americana) Gr. σιφων siphōn, σιφωνος siphōnos  tube; ρις rhis, ρινος rhinos  nostrils; "44. SIPHONORHIS AMERICANUS (Linn.).  ...   Siphonorhis genus novum Caprimulgidarum, affine Nyctidromo, sed rostro valde dilatato, apice uncinato, naribus tubularibus et longe eminentibus diversum; alæ modicæ: pedes gressorii, tarsis elongatis, nudis: digiti medii ungue pectinato, cauda rotundata.   Typ. et sp. un. Siphonorhis americanus  ...   The form, which is quite new to me, is easily distinguishable from other American Caprimulgidæ by its broadened bill, which is almost that of Nyctibius, the excessive elongation of the tubular nostrils, and the long naked tarsi   ...   It is also especially remarkable for its elevated tubular nostrils—the only character given by Linnæus for the diagnosis of his Caprimulgus americanusϮ, and, as I believe, of itself sufficient to distinguish this peculiar form from every other known Caprimulgine bird.  ...  Ϯ "narium tubulis eminentibus."—Linn. S. N. i. p. 346." (P. Sclater 1861).
Synon. Microsiphonorhis.

William Brewster (1851-1919) US ornithologist, collector, field naturalist, founder member of AOU, President of first Audubon Society 1896 (subsp. Egretta thula, subsp. Empidonax traillii, syn. Megascops kennicottii, subsp. Melanerpes uropygialis, subsp. Psittacara holochlorus, subsp. Saltator olivascens, subsp. Setophaga petechiaSiphonorhis, Spinus pinus x Acanthis flammea, subsp. Sula leucogaster, syn. Tympanuchus cupido, subsp. Vireo gilvus).