Lesser Antillean Swift / Chaetura martinica

Lesser Antillean Swift / Chaetura martinica

Lesser Antillean Swift

SCI Name:  Chaetura martinica
Protonym:  Hirundo martinica TabulaAffin.Anim. p.229
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Apodidae /
Taxonomy Code:  leaswi1
Type Locality:  Martinique, West Indies.
Publish Year:  1783
IUCN Status:  


(Apodidae; Ϯ Chimney Swift C. pelagica) Gr. χαιτη khaitē  long flowing hair; ουρα oura  tail; "GENUS XLI.—CHÆTURA mihi.  Beak with the lower mandible straight at the tip.  Wings very long.  Tail very short; its feathers subulated and acute at the tip.  HIRUNDO Auctorum.—CYPSELUS, pars. Temm.    Sp. 1. Ch. pelasgia. Hirundo pelasgia. Steph. v. x. 128.—North America.   Sp. 2. Ch. Martinicana. Hirunda acuta. Steph. v. x. 131. pl. 15.—West Indies.   Sp. 3. Ch. pacifica. Hirundo pacifica. Steph. v. x. 132.—New Holland.   Sp. 4. Ch. australis. Hirundo caudacuta. Steph. v. x. 133.—New South Wales.   Sp. 5. Ch. fusca. Hirundo fusca. Steph. v. x. 133.——?   Sp. 6. Ch. collaris.  ...  INHABITS Brazil." (Stephens 1826); "Chætura Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 13, pt. 2, 1826, p. 76. Type, by subsequent designation, Chaetura pelasgia Stevens [sic] = Hirundo pelagica Linné. (Swainson, Zool. Illustr. (2), 1, 1829, text to pl. 42.)" (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 235).
Var. Chatura, Chaturae.
Synon. Acanthura, Acanthylis, Pelasgia, Uranteris.

martinica / martinicana / martinicensis / martinicus
Martinique, West Indies. Columbus named the island Martinica in 1502, based on Carib and Taíno names Madinina and Matinino.
● ex “Hirondelle noire acutipenne de la Martinique” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Chaetura).
● ex “Certhia martinicana sive saccharivora” of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Coereba bartholemica).
● ex “Gobe-mouche hupé de la Martinique” of Brisson 1760 (Elaenia).
● ex “Pigeon violet de la Martinique” of Brisson 1760 (Geotrygon).
● ex “Petite Poule-Sultane” of Brisson 1760 (Porphyrio).