Marbled Godwit / Limosa fedoa

Marbled Godwit / Limosa fedoa

Marbled Godwit

SCI Name:  Limosa fedoa
Protonym:  Scolopax Fedoa Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.146
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  margod
Type Locality:  North America = Hudson Bay, ex Edwards, pi. 137.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

LIMOSA
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Black-tailed Godwit L. limosa) Specific name Scolopax limosa Linnaeus, 1758; "Limosa. Genus 76.  ...  **1. LA BARGE.  ...  LIMOSA  ...  On la trouve sur les bords de la mer" (Brisson 1760): based on "Barge" of Belon 1555, "Totanus" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, Jonston 1650-1653 and Moehring 1752, "Fedoa secunda" of Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, "Gallinago cinerea major" of Marsigli 1726, "Totanus cinereus, rostro prælongo" of Barrère 1745, "Numenius uropygio albo" of Linnaeus 1746, "Numenius medius" of Linnaeus 1748, and Scolopax Limosa Linnaeus, 1758; "Limosa Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 261. Type, by tautonymy, Limosa Brisson = Scolopax limosa Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 263).
Var. LlimosaLemosa.
Synon. Actites, Aegocephalus, Fedoa, Gambetta, Limicula, Rusticola, Vetola.
● (syn. Tringa Ϯ Common Greenshank T. nebularia) L. limosus  muddy  < limus, limi  mud, slime; "LIMOSA.  GREENSHANKS.  ... THERE is only one species of this genus, which is a native of Europe   ...  COMMON GREENSHANK. (Limosa Glottis).  ...  This species is not numerous in England, but it is sometimes observed in small flocks on the coasts in winter, and also in the adjacent marshes and fens" (Stephens 1824).

limosa
L. limosus  muddy  < limus, limi  mud, slime; "77. SCOLOPAX.  ...  Limosa.  10. S. rostro recto lævi, pedibus fuscis, remigibus macula alba: quatuor primis immaculatis.  N. uropygio albo, rectricibus nigris basi albis, remigibus transversa alba macula: exceptis quatuor primis. Fn. svec. 144.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Limosa).

fedoa
“Erasmus in his proverb of "the Attagena's new-moon" makes his Attagena a marsh-bird, marked with varied spots. If this is approved itself sufficiently to me I confidently would venture to affirm that the Attagena was what the English call the Godwitt or Fedoa” (Turner 1544); "77. SCOLOPAX.  ...  Fedoa.  8. S. rostro recto longo, pedibus fuscis, remigibus secundariis rufis nigro punctatis.  Fedoa americana. Edw. av. 137. t. 137.  Habitat in America septentrionali.  Corpus griseum. Remiges primores fuscæ. Linea superciliorum alba." (Linnaeus 1758) (Limosa).

Fedoa
"FEDOA, the latinized form of some English name of the GODWIT, now lost apparently beyond recovery, but so written by Turner in 1544 [see fedoa].  From him the word got into ornithology, where it has been several times misapplied, and misunderstood" (Newton 1893).
• (Burhinidae; syn. Burhinus Stone-curlew B. oedicnemus) "Fedoa Œdicnemus, ♂.  Common Thicknee, male." (Leach 1816 (ed. Salvin 1882)); "147  OTIS OEDICNEMUS.    Fedoa Oedicnemus.   Thickkneed Bustard, Norfolk Plover, Great Plover, Stone Curlew, or Thicknee.   ...   147  FEDOA OEDICNEMUS.   COMMON THICKNEE." (T. Forster 1817); "Fedoa Leach, Cat. Mamm. Bds. Brit. Mus., p. 28, 1816—type, by monotypy, "Fedoa Oedicnemus" = Charadrius Oedicnemus Linnaeus." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (3), p. 224).
• (Scolopacidae; syn. Limosa Marbled Godwit L. fedoa) "FEDOA.  GODWIT.  ...  FEDOA. Ray.  LIMOSA. Briss., Beck., Temm., Cuv., Hors.  SCOLOPAX. Linn., Gmel., Lath.  ...  Their flesh is excellent. Their cry resembles that of a goat.   AMERICAN GODWIT. (Fedoa Americana.)  ...  Scolopax Fedoa. Lin. Syst. Nat. 1. 244" (Stephens 1824); "Fedoa (not of Leach, 1816) Stephens, in Shaw, Gen. Zool., 12, (1), p. 70, 1824—type, by tautonymy, Fedoa americana Stephens = Scolopax fedoa Linnaeus." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (3), p. 100).
Var. Foeda.

SUBSPECIES

Marbled Godwit (beringiae)
SCI Name: Limosa fedoa beringiae
beringiae
Beringia, a name given to the Quaternary Bering Land Bridge and the immediate land masses on either side of the Bering Sea from the Kolyma River, Siberia, to the Mackenzie River, Canada (see beringii).

Marbled Godwit (fedoa)
SCI Name: Limosa fedoa fedoa
fedoa
“Erasmus in his proverb of "the Attagena's new-moon" makes his Attagena a marsh-bird, marked with varied spots. If this is approved itself sufficiently to me I confidently would venture to affirm that the Attagena was what the English call the Godwitt or Fedoa” (Turner 1544); "77. SCOLOPAX.  ...  Fedoa.  8. S. rostro recto longo, pedibus fuscis, remigibus secundariis rufis nigro punctatis.  Fedoa americana. Edw. av. 137. t. 137.  Habitat in America septentrionali.  Corpus griseum. Remiges primores fuscæ. Linea superciliorum alba." (Linnaeus 1758) (Limosa).